The provision of a loan of up to US$ 61.7 million to finance the construction and operation of a pilot wind project with 500 MW installed capacity located in the Tamdy District of Uzbekistan. This will be one of the first wind projects in Uzbekistan and one of the largest renewable energy projects in Central Asia.
The project will contribute to the strategic priority of the government of Uzbekistan to increase the share of renewable projects in the national energy mix. It will contribute to the mitigation of climate impact by adding 500 MW of wind generation capacity to the national energy system and will assist the country in its low-carbon transition drive.
ETI score: 80
The transition impact stems from the potential contribution of the project to the EBRD Green Economy Transition ("GET") approach as it will allow producing electricity using wind power, which will reduce the country's current high reliance on thermal power generation.
SHAMOL ZARAFSHAN ENERGY FE LLC
The Borrower is an Uzbek Project SPV fully owned by Masdar.
Sponsor: Abu Dhabi Future Energy Company PJSC - Masdar (Masdar), a global leader in renewable energy and sustainable urban development. It was established in 2006 as a strategic government initiative to invest, incubate and establish new energy industry in Abu Dhabi and around the world. Masdar is fully owned by Mubadala Investment Company, an investment company established and fully owned by the Government of Abu Dhabi.
EBRD Finance Summary
Total Project Cost
Financing Structure: the EBRD offers financing that is not available in the market from commercial sources on reasonable terms and conditions, e.g. a longer grace period and a longer tenor than the market average, restricted foreign currency financing, etc. Such financing is necessary to structure the project.
Risk mitigation: the EBRD's long-term relationship with a client provides comfort to the client to be willing to take on more risk and/or finance, enabling outcomes such as innovation or expansion into new markets.
Environmental and Social Summary
Categorised A (ESP 2019), high risks due to the size and sensitive location of the site in terms of biodiversity. The development of a large greenfield 500 MWe wind farm ("WPP") consisting of 110 wind turbines and grid connection infrastructure is associated with potential considerable environmental and social risks, notably biodiversity, land and livelihoods impacts on farmers, and requires an Environmental and Social Impact Assessment ("ESIA") in line with the EBRD ESP and 60 days' disclosure prior to the Board consideration. An ESIA package was disclosed on 4th March 2022.
The wind farm is located in the Tamdy district of Uzbekistan in the central part of the Kyzyl-Kum desert occupying around 9600 hectares. The site is located 3.5 km from the Mount Aktau Important Bird ("IBA") and Biodiversity areas, which supports breading and resident population of raptors, which are of international and national conservation status. The project has been approved by the national Competent Authority in July 2021 based on a local EIA.
An international consultant was retained by a consortium of Lenders and undertook an Environmental and Social Due Diligence ("ESDD") including a gap analysis of the local EIA, assessment of cumulative impacts from the Project and the associated infrastructure, community safety, livelihood impacts, and labour risks during construction and operation, as well as supply chain risk management. The ESDD has been undertaken jointly with other Lenders, namely the IFC and the ADB. Based on the ESDD additional biodiversity assessment were undertaken focused on avifauna during 2020-2021 bird migration seasons as well as social assessment of land use. Based on this ESDD an ESIA disclosure package was developed and disclosed by the developer and Lenders. The ESDD confirmed that the Project is structured to meet the Bank's Performance Requirements (PRs) and the Company has the institutional capacity to implement the Bank's PRs.
Key environmental issues are associated with avifauna and potential impact on the Aktau IBA, with the main species of concern being the Cinerous Vulture, Eurasian Griffon Vulture, Egyptian Vulture and Steppe Eagle. A biodiversity assessment has been undertaken by the developers followed by the independent consultants review. Based on the ESDD a mitigation action plan has been undertaken. This has included develop of buffer zones around nesting areas, movement of some of the wind turbines as well as long terms monitoring of the project through the lifespan of the Project; using also active monitoring systems such as Identiflight and further studies. The Project developer will also further look at livestock management at the site, removal of animal carcasses from the site and wider areas and commitment to perform study into the feasibility of off-site feeding stations and flight diverts on new section of overhead power lines. Based on the due diligence a robust mitigation plan has been agreed among the Lenders and the Sponsor, this is included in the ESIA disclosure package and the ESAP.
The project is expected to impact nine farmers, whose livelihoods will be affected as they lose access to less than 2% of their leased grazing land and face other limitations to their grazing based livelihoods strategies. To address land and livelihoods impacts, the Livelihoods Restoration Plan (LRP) was prepared and agreed with the sponsor. The LRP was disclosed to all affected farmers during the consultation process, entitlements envisioned under the LRP were explained, and affected households' feedback were reflected in the LRP. The implementation of LRP will be verified by the Completion Report that will be prepared by the sponsor and approved by EBRD to confirm that the requirements of ESP Performance Requirement 5 were fully satisfied.
The project is also going to involve significant workforce during the construction stage and associated labour risks related to working conditions for the contractor's workers on the project site including a temporary accommodation facilities. To address these risks the Environmental and Social Management & Monitoring Plan (ESMMP) developed for the project included mitigations and monitoring requirements for the duration of the project. The sponsor committed to cascading all mitigation measures from ESMMP across all relevant Construction and Operational Environmental Management Plans (EMP).
A Stakeholder Engagement Plan (SEP) has been developed for the Project, which describes the completed and planned stakeholder consultation activities and engagement process as well as a grievance mechanism to ensure that it is responsive to any concerns and complaints particularly from affected stakeholders and communities
An ESAP has been agreed with the sponsor and among the lenders this includes the appointment of an independent ornithological expert and use of monitoring system to monitor avifauna and implement a shut down on demand as requires systems. The mitigation measures includes an active management of the site in terms of the type of framing/grazing actives.
A supplementary ESIA package, inclusive of NTS, ESAP, SEP, ESMMP, and LRP is available for the Project and can be found on the Bank and Client web site.
The Bank will be monitoring the implementation of the Project and ESAP.
The Company will develop and implement an 'E&S Supplier & Vendor Management Plan' for primary suppliers. The Company will contractually require its EPC Contractor to undertake supplier/vendor E&S risk assessments for primary suppliers and review potential supplier/vendor labor issues and risks including child labor, forced labor, risk of harm to workers, and other working conditions etc.
The Company will contractually require, the WTG Vendor - Goldwind's facility in Gansu, China to commit to adopting a robust supplier management and traceability system for their pre-screened project primary suppliers in order to ensure that project level requirements integrated in the ESMS are applied systematically.
Furthermore, a comprehensive labour audit was undertaken during ESDD to assess working conditions and labour risks of the selected facility in Gansu. The audit results showed that the supplier's production plant relies on robot-aided production, with mostly highly skilled workers employed at the facility, and has in place a supply chain management system that includes the code of conduct and a self-assessment of all core suppliers and contractors.
Other requirements to manage supply chain risks included in the draft ESAP are: (a) inclusion of appropriate clauses in contracts with contractors/suppliers; (b) definition of specific measures to be implemented in case the potential exposure to forced/child labour risks revealed; (c) self-declarations, codes of conduct or similar, by wind turbine primary suppliers regarding labour risks; (d) requirements for traceability from wind turbine primary suppliers. The Bank will include specific provisions in the Loan Agreement.
Company Contact Information
PO Box 54115, Abu Dhabi, UAE
PSD last updated
30 Apr 2022
Further information regarding the EBRD’s approach to measuring transition impact is available here.
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Environmental and Social Policy (ESP)
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More information on the EBRD’s practices in this regard is set out in the ESP.
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Independent Project Accountability Mechanism (IPAM)
If efforts to address environmental, social or public disclosure concerns with the Client or the Bank are unsuccessful (e.g. through the Client’s Project-level grievance mechanism or through direct engagement with Bank management), individuals and organisations may seek to address their concerns through the EBRD’s Independent Project Accountability Mechanism (IPAM).
IPAM independently reviews Project issues that are believed to have caused (or to be likely to cause) harm. The purpose of the Mechanism is: to support dialogue between Project stakeholders to resolve environmental, social and public disclosure issues; to determine whether the Bank has complied with its Environmental and Social Policy or Project-specific provisions of its Access to Information Policy; and where applicable, to address any existing non-compliance with these policies, while preventing future non-compliance by the Bank.
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