Methane emissions are a significant economic loss but also an important source of greenhouse gas emissions. Methane has a very high impact on global warming, between 28 and 84 times higher than CO2. For this reason, reducing methane emissions is a very powerful action to contribute to the overall reduction of greenhouse gas (“GHG”) emissions and the fulfilment of national commitments towards the Paris Agreement on climate change.
While there is still limited reliable data on actual measurement and specific locations of such emissions in Egypt, according to the most recent available national inventory reported to the UNFCCC, methane emissions are estimated in around 380 kt, equivalent to over 10 million tCO2e (nearly 10% of the country’s annual GHG emissions) using the 100-years-average Global Warming Potential (28).
The EBRD, the Egyptian Ministry of Petroleum, and the state-owned oil and gas companies (EGAS, EGPC and their subsidiaries) have been cooperating over the years on a number of initiatives aimed at improving the energy efficiency and carbon sustainability of the oil&gas sector in Egypt. The parties are now starting a new cooperation Programme aimed at measuring and reducing methane fugitive emissions along the national infrastructure.
The proposed Programme, managed by the EBRD and in close cooperation with the Ministry of Petroleum, EGPC, EGAS, their subsidiaries and other relevant stakeholders will aim to:
- Undertake pilot measurement campaigns with ground and airborne emerging technologies at selected facilities owned and operated by the above relevant stakeholders.
- Improve accuracy of methane emissions measurement data.
- Introduce a robust inventory of methane emissions as well as procedures and templates for periodic reporting.
- Develop a roadmap for reducing methane emissions, comprising of technical and economic studies for actions, improvements and investments along the supply chain (upstream, midstream and downstream).
- Provide policy dialogue on the improvement of policies and regulations on methane emissions in the gas sector.
- Provide capacity building and training to the stakeholders on the Programme, its relevance, impacts as well as operational recommendations for a sustained continuation of the Programme by the stakeholders once the assignment is completed.
Any competitive selections for business opportunities relating to this project will be published on the EBRD's website: Consultancy Procurement Opportunities.
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