Confirm cookie choices
Cookies are pieces of code used to track website usage and give audiences the best possible experience.
Use the buttons to confirm whether you agree with default cookie settings when using

Egypt Green Hydrogen S.A.E



Project number:


Business sector:

Manufacturing and Services

Notice type:


Environmental category:


Approval date:

19 Oct 2022



PSD disclosed:

15 Mar 2023

As permitted by paragraph 2.6 of Section III of the Access to Information Policy, disclosure of this PSD was deferred in accordance with paragraph 1.4.4 of the Directive on Access to Information.

Project Description

Provision of up to USD 80 million equity bridge loan (the "Loan") to Egypt Green Hydrogen S.A.E (the "Borrower"), an Egypt domiciled company established for the purpose of developing and operating the first green hydrogen production facility in Egypt.

Project Objectives

The Loan will support funding the procurement and construction of a 100 MW electrolyser facility together with the related facilities and civil works needed for the completion of the project (the "Electrolyser" or the "Project"). The Electrolyser, which will be powered by renewable energy, will produce green hydrogen that will substitute some of the grey hydrogen (i.e. produced from gas) consumption used by the Egyptian Fertilizer Company (the Offtaker and a subsidiary of the regional fertiliser producer, Fertiglobe PLC) and will be used as input to produce green ammonia which will be exported to the international markets. Being the first project of its kind in Egypt, the Project will lead to a significant demonstration effects and will be an important milestone in the development of a green hydrogen and ammonia industry in Egypt which is a key step towards decarbonising several industries, particularly fertilisers - a main consuming industry for ammonia.

Transition Impact

ETI score: 100

Primary Quality - Green:

Use of proceeds is 100% green as the Project will support the construction of the Electrolyser that will be powered by renewable energy. The project being innovative (first in Egypt and one of the few globally) will act as a proof of concept for green hydrogen projects in Egypt and the EBRD regions. The annual green hydrogen production from the Project will be up to 15,000 ton which will be sold to Fertiglobe's subsidiary in Egypt to produce green ammonia, corresponding to a total saving of CO2 of more than 130,000 ton per year. The Project is central to the Bank's wider ongoing policy dialogue initiatives which includes supporting Egypt in (i) drafting its national hydrogen strategy, and (ii) the development of a low carbon pathway for decarbonising the Ammonia sector in Egypt. 

Client Information


Egypt Green Hydrogen SAE SAE (the "Borrower") is an Egyptian company established in the Suez Canal Economic Zone for the purpose of the Project, and is owned by: (i) Scatec ASA  the leading Norwegian renewable power producer listed on the Oslo Stock Exchange; (ii) Fertiglobe PLC, the largest nitrogen fertilizer producer in the MENA, based in Abu Dhabi and listed on the Abu Dhabi Securities Exchange; (iii) Orascom Construction PLC, one of the largest global contractors operating in the MENA region and the US with dual listing on NASDAQ Dubai and Egyptian stock exchange; and (iv) the Sovereign Fund of Egypt's ("SFE") (established in 2018) through its Infrastructure and Utilities Fund.

EBRD Finance Summary

USD 80,000,000.00


Financing Structure Additionality: EBRD covers a funding gap through providing a large volume facility to fund an innovative project - the first green hydrogen project in Egypt and one of the few globally which will act as a proof of concept for the development of this new technology/sector in Egypt

Policy, sector, institutional, or regulatory change: The Project is connected to the Bank's policy initiatives related to (i) an ongoing Technical Cooperation to support the government in drafting its national hydrogen strategy and (ii), the Bank's Low-Carbon Ammonia Roadmap developed in conjunction with the International Energy Agency "IEA" and the Interconnexion France-Angleterre "IFA" to de-carbonise the ammonia sector.

Environmental and Social Summary

Environmental and Social Summary

  • Categorised B (2019 ESP). The construction of the 100MW green hydrogen production facility, the first of its kind in Egypt and the region, will result in environmental and social (E&S) benefits, including GHG savings and the decarbonisation of the ammonia production industry. The construction and operation of the electrolyser and its associated facilities are associated with Environmental, Health and Safety and Social (EHSS) risks and impacts that can be readily addressed.
  • Environmental and Social Due Diligence (ESDD) was conducted by an independent consultant and included an assessment of the Project site and its associated facilities; their impacts on the environment, communities and climate change; the development of a Stakeholder Engagement Plan (SEP), Non-Technical Summary (NTS) as well as an Environmental and Social Action Plan (ESAP) to structure the Project in line with the EBRD's E&S requirements.
  • The findings of the ESDD show the following:
    • The Project has received the national authorities approval on the Environmental and Social Impact Assessment (ESIA) undertaken, on the condition that the project shall submit a study for oxygen recovery
    • The Project and its associated facilities are located within the industrial complex, on vacant land, with no surrounding social or biodiversity sensitivities.
    • The Borrower has generic E&S documents that will be developed into Project-specific EHSS management Plans as part of the ESAP and their management system requirements.
    • Local communities are not expected to be at risk during the construction of the Project facilities. During operation, a major accident at the electrolysis plant, such as an accidental hydrogen gas release and explosion, is not expected to affect communities as there are no nearby residential areas. Safety studies in alignment with international standards are ongoing for the electrolyser package. Consequence analysis of hydrogen venting and knock-on effects of a major accident at the electrolyser on the neighbouring ammonia production facilities, causing escalation, are currently being undertaken and are a CP to financial close.
    • The neighbouring Fertiglobe facilities have a certified ISO45000 system in place for health and safety, and are required, as part of the ESAP, to enhance their system to align with the EU Seveso III Directive.
    • The Project has conducted a screening of alternatives regarding cooling water, and an open circulating system with a cooling tower using treated groundwater has been selected. The water would be abstracted from a highly productive aquifer which is widely used by the neighbouring industries in the Suez Canal zone. An assessment of the impact of the combined water abstraction/brine injection by the Project and neighbouring industries indicate a lowering of the water level and an increase in the salinity by 0.5% as well as the potential for seawater ingress. Nevertheless, the Project constitutes only 3% of the total abstraction volume from the aquifer, and the independent E&S Due Diligence confirms that the contribution to the impacts from the Project on the aquifer and local population is minimal.
    • The abstraction of groundwater and reinjection of RO concentrate into the underlying aquifer resulting in alteration to quantitative and chemical status of the groundwater does not align with the EU Water Framework Directive. However, the directive has previsions to allow exceptions, when the benefit of the project outweighs the impact, and when the aquifer is already heavily modified, both of which apply to the project.
    • The RO plant has been designed taking into account the water salinity expected at the end of Project lifecycle.
    • Average GHG emissions for the production of green ammonia produced using the project's green hydrogen (over the life of the Project) are estimated to be c.35,000 tonnes CO2e per annum, which represents a reduction of more than130,000 tonnes CO2e per annum.

All required E&S measures are included in ESAP, and specifically, the considerations to be made into the Project design have been included in the ESAP as CPs to financial close. The ESAP has been agreed by the SPV and a consultant is retained to monitor the Project and ensure the ESAP items have been implemented in a timely manner and in line with EBRD's requirements.

Technical Cooperation and Grant Financing

Low-carbon hydrogen TC: a technical, economic and regulatory feasibility study to assess the viability of a low-carbon hydrogen market in Egypt. 

Egypt Hydrogen Strategy: Also, the Bank is supporting the Egyptian government in the drafting of the country's Hydrogen National Strategy. The strategy will support Egypt's long-term aims and ambition by setting out the approach to build a thriving low carbon hydrogen sector. 

Decarbonisation of the Egyptian ammonia sector: EBRD is preparing a low carbon pathway roadmap for Egypt to decarbonise the nitrogen based fertilisers sector. Following the launch of the Global Ammonia Technology Roadmap at COP26, this vision is the first country level application of the global roadmap, and will provide a blueprint for other countries. This will be developed on the back of IEA's (International Energy Agency) recently published global Ammonia Technology Roadmap, which identified green hydrogen as key for decarbonisation of nitrogen fertiliser production

Company Contact Information

Mohamed Amer

PSD last updated

15 Mar 2023

Understanding Transition

Further information regarding the EBRD’s approach to measuring transition impact is available here.

Business opportunities

For business opportunities or procurement, contact the client company.

For business opportunities with EBRD (not related to procurement) contact:

Tel: +44 20 7338 7168

For state-sector projects, visit EBRD Procurement:

Tel: +44 20 7338 6794

General enquiries

Specific enquiries can be made using the EBRD Enquiries form.

Environmental and Social Policy (ESP)

The ESP and the associated Performance Requirements (PRs) set out the ways in which the EBRD implements its commitment to promoting “environmentally sound and sustainable development”.  The ESP and the PRs include specific provisions for clients to comply with the applicable requirements of national laws on public information and consultation as well as to establish a grievance mechanism to receive and facilitate resolution of stakeholders’ concerns and grievances, in particular, about environmental and social performance of the client and the project. Proportionate to the nature and scale of a project’s environmental and social risks and impacts, the EBRD additionally requires its clients to disclose information, as appropriate, about the risks and impacts arising from projects or to undertake meaningful consultation with stakeholders and consider and respond to their feedback.

More information on the EBRD’s practices in this regard is set out in the ESP.

Integrity and Compliance

The EBRD's Office of the Chief Compliance Officer (OCCO) promotes good governance and ensures that the highest standards of integrity are applied to all activities of the Bank in accordance with international best practice. Integrity due diligence is conducted on all Bank clients to ensure that projects do not present unacceptable integrity or reputational risks to the Bank. The Bank believes that identifying and resolving issues at the project assessment approval stages is the most effective means of ensuring the integrity of Bank transactions. OCCO plays a key role in these protective efforts, and also helps to monitor integrity risks in projects post-investment.

OCCO is also responsible for investigating allegations of fraud, corruption and misconduct in EBRD-financed projects. Anyone, both within or outside the Bank, who suspects fraud or corruption should submit a written report to the Chief Compliance Officer by email to All matters reported will be handled by OCCO for follow-up. All reports, including anonymous ones, will be reviewed. Reports can be made in any language of the Bank or of the Bank's countries of operation. The information provided must be made in good faith.

Access to Information Policy (AIP)

The AIP sets out how the EBRD discloses information and consults with its stakeholders so as to promote better awareness and understanding of its strategies, policies and operations following its entry into force on 1 January 2020. Please visit the Access to Information Policy page to find out what information is available from the EBRD website.

Specific requests for information can be made using the EBRD Enquiries form.

Independent Project Accountability Mechanism (IPAM)

If efforts to address environmental, social or public disclosure concerns with the Client or the Bank are unsuccessful (e.g. through the Client’s Project-level grievance mechanism or through direct engagement with Bank management), individuals and organisations may seek to address their concerns through the EBRD’s Independent Project Accountability Mechanism (IPAM).

IPAM independently reviews Project issues that are believed to have caused (or to be likely to cause) harm. The purpose of the Mechanism is: to support dialogue between Project stakeholders to resolve environmental, social and public disclosure issues; to determine whether the Bank has complied with its Environmental and Social Policy or Project-specific provisions of its Access to Information Policy; and where applicable, to address any existing non-compliance with these policies, while preventing future non-compliance by the Bank.

Please visit the Independent Project Accountability Mechanism webpage to find out more about IPAM and its mandate; how to submit a Request for review; or contact IPAM  via email to get guidance and more information on IPAM and how to submit a request.


GDPR Cookie Status