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Krakow Tram PPP Project



Project number:


Business sector:

Municipal and environmental infrastructure

Notice type:


Environmental category:


Approval date:

30 Nov 2022



PSD disclosed:

26 Oct 2022

Project Description

The provision of a senior loan of up to PLN 259.2 million, equivalent to € 54.2 million, in favour of PPP Solutions Polska 2 Sp. z o.o. (the SPV, or the Borrower), a special purpose vehicle established for the sole purpose of developing and implementing the 4th phase of the Krakow Fast Tramway, under a private public partnership (PPP) granted by the City of Krakow.

The Project involves the development, construction and maintenance of the 4th phase of the Krakow Fast Tramway including (i) the construction of a 4.5 km new twin track, (ii) the extension of the existing tramline loop Mistrzejowice, (iii) the construction of a tunnel (approx. 0.9 km), (iv) the redevelopment of the existing road scheme (approx. 10.3 km), and (v) the development / redevelopment of associated infrastructure.

Project Objectives

The Project aims to connect two existing tramlines in the northern part of the city centre passing through two residential districts, with an objective to increase services and improve the integration of public transport as an efficient and more sustainable alternative to passenger car traffic. Once operational, the tram track is expected to lead to a capacity increase of 40 trams per hour in both directions (in total about 556 tram passages per day).

 The Project is expected to result in environmental and social benefits for the residents of Krakow by reducing the level of emissions from the transport system. Additionally, complementary infrastructure in line with the city's sustainable transport strategy will be developed as part of the Project to promote other sustainable forms of travel such as walking and cycling.

Transition Impact

ETI score: 67

Transition impact stems from the following two transition qualities:

Resilient - The proposed project will be the first PPP implemented by Krakow and the first PPP project in Poland related to the development of tramway infrastructure. The project structure is expected to ensure resilient management of the city budget by spreading the capital expenditures on the development of the new tramway line over a long period with involvement of the private partner in the maintenance of the infrastructure.

Green - The project is expected to help reduce the CO2 emissions of the city's transport system resulting from a modal shift possible through the increase of the tram service between two currently unconnected districts. With a new infrastructure and better connectivity, the project will promote the commercialisation of environmentally friendly infrastructure. The Project is expected to be classified as 100 per cent GET eligible.

Client Information


The Borrower is PPP Solutions Polska 2 Sp. z o.o., a special purpose vehicle established for the sole purpose of developing and implementing the Project.

The SPV is 100 per cent owned by the project sponsor Gulermak Agir Sanayi Insaat ve Taahhüt A.S.

EBRD Finance Summary

PLN 259,102,568.00

Total Project Cost

PLN 1,013,418,917.57


The Bank's additionality in the Project stems from (i) the EBRD's requirements related to the environmental and social monitoring systems and reporting going beyond what is required by law and by other commercial banks, (ii) the role played in ensuring bankability of the project, which will be the first PPP procured by the city of Krakow and (iii) the long tenor of the financing, which goes beyond the tenors proposed by the commercial banks.

Environmental and Social Summary

Categorised B in line with ESP 2019. The project, comprising of the construction and maintenance operation of a 4,5km long new tram line inclusive of 1,2 km cut-and-cover tunnel and reconstruction of surrounding urban streets in Krakow, Poland, has the potential to cause environmental and social impacts, which can be mitigated with application of relevant planning, Environmental and Social ("E&S") management and application of good construction practices. The Environmental and Social Due Diligence ("ESDD") was undertaken by an independent consultant and concluded that the Project Sponsor has relevant institutional capacity and experience in applying international E&S standards to undertake the project in line with the EBRD Performance Requirements ("PRs"). The project was subject to national Environmental Impact Assessment ("EIA") process in 2017 with stakeholder consultations undertaken in line with the national legislation. The Project falls within the Krakow Transport Policy (2016-2025) and is included in the set of local development plans, which were subject to Strategic Impact Assessment (2014). As the Environmental Decision was granted based on conceptual design, the second EIA was required to be undertaken based on the detailed design and to be submitted prior to application for the Building Permit. The second EIA was undertaken in 2022 and was submitted to the competent authorities pending approval. The ESDD has reviewed the 2017 national EIA, most up to date design and project preparatory activities and consulted with designer E&S team responsible for preparation of the second EIA.

The project is located in the urban environment, mostly in modified habitat (planted central reserve of dual carriageway) and does not cross environmentally sensitive areas. The Project will require cutting of close to 1000 trees and shrubs representing common species in Poland. Detailed design included a number of micro-realignments to minimise tree cutting and biodiversity compensation measures related to replanting of trees. Detailed design includes also a number of technical solutions to minimise noise emissions near residential areas, including Rail Comfort Systems (at specific rail sections), use of vibration isolating layers, and use of silent asphalt at reconstructed road surfaces and installation of acoustic screens. The project will have positive net benefits on air quality and Green House Gas ("GHG") emissions due to modal shift and reduction of individual car usage and replacements with electric fast tramline. The project has undergone design safety review undertaken by national authorities and the EBRD in-house specialists. The project is associated with limited land acquisition.

The project is of strategic importance for the development of the city due to the fast tram connection of settlements located in the northern part of Krakow with the city centre. The Project area is ca. 30.6 ha and neither residential nor agriculture land is affected.  The project will not require physical resettlement. Most of the land required for the project belongs to Krakow municipality. In addition 50 privately owned plots will be subject to partition into sub-plots and expropriation. Across all the 514 impacted public and private plots, ESDD identified a 13 businesses and business structures subject to economic displacement. Resettlement Framework ("RF") has been developed for the project outlining land acquisition process for the project in line with national legislation and EBRD PR5 and will be disclosed. Upon finalisation of the detailed design and issue of ZRID decision (special decision for road infrastructure), detailed Resettlement Action Plan ("RAP") will be prepared, disclosed and implemented by the City of Krakow and SPV in line with PR5 requirements.

Stakeholder engagement and public consultation for the project has been ongoing since 2014. Initially stakeholder engagement was led by the city and directed at residents of the municipal areas affected by the planned project. Project EIA was disclosed to public in 2017. Following agreement under the PPP structure, Gulermak undertook further engagement activities in 2021 and 2022, in person, through online public meetings and by publishing updates on design progress and details in regards to project impacted public spaces through social media platforms, project dedicated website, physical project information point, dedicated telephone line, workshops for local children and multiple local media. Overall there was high engagement from the public at all consultation stages, with strong majority supporting the project. Stakeholder Engagement Plan ("SEP") has been developed for the project and will be implemented by the Borrower.

 Construction stage impacts will mostly include temporary traffic reorganisation in the suburban city area, dust and noise emissions and health and safety risk. Gulermak has extensive experience in undertaking and managing transport infrastructure works in the city context and has developed a suite of E&S management procedures to minimise risks and nuisance to nearby communities. Project specific Environmental and Social Management Plan ("ESMP") is under development by the Borrower. Project Environmental and Social Action Plan ("ESAP") covenants a number of mitigation measures relating to construction stage including traffic management and construction logistics and community safety plan, occupational Health and Safety plans and management system, nigh time works limitation and grievance mechanism.

 ESAP has been developed for the project and agreed with the Borrower. Apart from construction stage actions listed above, the ESAP addresses establishment of appropriate E&S management for the project, contractor management, environmental monitoring undertaken at commissioning stage and during operation, preparation and implementation of detailed RAP, continued implementation of SEP and establishment of grievance mechanism. Non-Technical Summary ("NTS"), Stakeholder Engagement Plan ("SEP") and RF prepared for the Project will be disclosed by the Bank and the Borrower. The Bank will monitor the project through review of Annual Environmental and Social Reports, Supervision Engineers reports and site visits as required.

Technical Cooperation and Grant Financing


Company Contact Information

Gabriela Lazarczyk
+48 722 220 088
ul. Ostatnia 1c, 31-444 Kraków

PSD last updated

26 Oct 2022

Understanding Transition

Further information regarding the EBRD’s approach to measuring transition impact is available here.

Business opportunities

For business opportunities or procurement, contact the client company.

For business opportunities with EBRD (not related to procurement) contact:

Tel: +44 20 7338 7168

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Tel: +44 20 7338 6794

General enquiries

Specific enquiries can be made using the EBRD Enquiries form.

Environmental and Social Policy (ESP)

The ESP and the associated Performance Requirements (PRs) set out the ways in which the EBRD implements its commitment to promoting “environmentally sound and sustainable development”.  The ESP and the PRs include specific provisions for clients to comply with the applicable requirements of national laws on public information and consultation as well as to establish a grievance mechanism to receive and facilitate resolution of stakeholders’ concerns and grievances, in particular, about environmental and social performance of the client and the project. Proportionate to the nature and scale of a project’s environmental and social risks and impacts, the EBRD additionally requires its clients to disclose information, as appropriate, about the risks and impacts arising from projects or to undertake meaningful consultation with stakeholders and consider and respond to their feedback.

More information on the EBRD’s practices in this regard is set out in the ESP.

Integrity and Compliance

The EBRD's Office of the Chief Compliance Officer (OCCO) promotes good governance and ensures that the highest standards of integrity are applied to all activities of the Bank in accordance with international best practice. Integrity due diligence is conducted on all Bank clients to ensure that projects do not present unacceptable integrity or reputational risks to the Bank. The Bank believes that identifying and resolving issues at the project assessment approval stages is the most effective means of ensuring the integrity of Bank transactions. OCCO plays a key role in these protective efforts, and also helps to monitor integrity risks in projects post-investment.

OCCO is also responsible for investigating allegations of fraud, corruption and misconduct in EBRD-financed projects. Anyone, both within or outside the Bank, who suspects fraud or corruption should submit a written report to the Chief Compliance Officer by email to All matters reported will be handled by OCCO for follow-up. All reports, including anonymous ones, will be reviewed. Reports can be made in any language of the Bank or of the Bank's countries of operation. The information provided must be made in good faith.

Access to Information Policy (AIP)

The AIP sets out how the EBRD discloses information and consults with its stakeholders so as to promote better awareness and understanding of its strategies, policies and operations following its entry into force on 1 January 2020. Please visit the Access to Information Policy page to find out what information is available from the EBRD website.

Specific requests for information can be made using the EBRD Enquiries form.

Independent Project Accountability Mechanism (IPAM)

If efforts to address environmental, social or public disclosure concerns with the Client or the Bank are unsuccessful (e.g. through the Client’s Project-level grievance mechanism or through direct engagement with Bank management), individuals and organisations may seek to address their concerns through the EBRD’s Independent Project Accountability Mechanism (IPAM).

IPAM independently reviews Project issues that are believed to have caused (or to be likely to cause) harm. The purpose of the Mechanism is: to support dialogue between Project stakeholders to resolve environmental, social and public disclosure issues; to determine whether the Bank has complied with its Environmental and Social Policy or Project-specific provisions of its Access to Information Policy; and where applicable, to address any existing non-compliance with these policies, while preventing future non-compliance by the Bank.

Please visit the Independent Project Accountability Mechanism webpage to find out more about IPAM and its mandate; how to submit a Request for review; or contact IPAM  via email to get guidance and more information on IPAM and how to submit a request.


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