Provision of up to €30 million loan to finance the construction of a new 24,750 m3/day wastewater treatment facility, to replace and relocate an existing facility currently co-located at the Ain Ghazal Treatment Plant (AGTP), as well as a two-year phased operational period to ensure sustainability of the investment. The new facility will be located at Al Ghabawi and will serve approximately 5.5 million people, including 600,000 Syrians in Amman and the surrounding area.
Despite a significant increase in capex (primarily financed by IFIs), 20 per cent of the population in Amman and Zarqa are unconnected to the mains sewer system, creating a substantial need for a cost efficient and sustainable solution to collect, treat and dispose of individual septic tank waste effectively. The Project will replace the existing and now inadequate facility at Ain Ghazal. The Water Authority Jordan (WAJ) will construct a new dedicated septic tank wastewater treatment facility at the more remote location of Al Ghabawi (this transaction) and afterwards will decommission the septic tank facility at AGTP (the decommissioning will be done under a separate project).
ETI score: 60
The Bank's MR3 Framework is designed to support the resilience of municipal infrastructure services by financing critical investments in host communities accompanied by targeted sector reform elements focusing on improving funding sustainably post investment, improving accountability through formalised performance indicators or service contracts and increasing private sector participation where feasible. Transition impact is primarily based on enhanced resilience through asset expansion or rehabilitation and specific cost reduction / revenue increase measures to contribute to the financial sustainability of operations. Additionally, the Framework supports the well governed quality through the introduction of higher standards of service quality monitoring.
The Project will support the resilience of Jordan to the refugee crisis by providing additional infrastructure capacity to mitigate environmental risk, increase access to and capacity of services and increase treated wastewater. This is needed due to the concentration of refugees and the increased pressure on the existing wastewater infrastructure in the area. It is consistent with the United Nation's ambitions of better public health provision, universal access to clean water and sanitation and facilitating a more responsible consumption and production under SDGs 3, 6 and 12. The Project is also supporting WAJ to continue its utilisation of the private sector in the provision of water and wastewater services through the 2-year phased outsourcing of the operations and maintenance of the pre-treatment facility to the private sector. The private sector will provide structured and enhanced operational training to manage the facility in perpetuity and according to the required regulations, ensuring that the benefit of the investment is realised long term.
EBRD Finance Summary
Total Project Cost
EBRD offers a tenor, which is above the market average and is necessary to structure the project as well as providing expertise and international procurement and environmental and social best practise.
Environmental and Social Summary
Categorised A (2014 ESP). The Project involves the development of a greenfield wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) on the outskirts of Amman for the treatment of septage collected from those parts of Amman that are not connected to the sewage network. The Project was initially categorised as B under the 2014 ESP. During a feasibility study for the Project it was determined that the WWTP would exceed the threshold for Category A wastewater treatment facilities (capacity exceeding 150 000 population equivalent). As a result, the Project was re-categorised as A and was subject to a comprehensive Environememtal and Social Impact Assessment (ESIA) and which will be disclosed for a minimum of 120 days. The ESIA was disclosed on 19 November 2020. This ESIA has also supported the permitting process and an environmental permit has now been issued.
Septage is collected from individual septic tanks in the unsewered areas of Amman and the surrounding areas by tankers and is currently transported to a tanker drop off facility at AGTP. This facility is associated with various nuisance impacts including noise, odour and traffic impacts, which negatively affects nearby communities. Following a feasibility study, a decision was taken to close the existing facility and establish a new WWTP designated for septage away from residential areas and adjacent to the Al Ghabawi solid waste landfill site. This closure will also alleviate pressure (organic load) on the existing As Samra WWTP, which treats wastewater from the AGTP.
While the Project is associated with various benefits, particularly at the AGTP site, the development and operation thereof can result in Environmental & Social (E&S) impacts. These have been considered in the ESIA developed for the Project as part of a wider feasibility study and appropriate mitigation has been defined, including an E&S Action Plan to structure the Project in line with the EBRD's E&S standards. A Project implementation consultant will support the Project to ensure that high E&S and technical standards are maintained and to support ESAP implementation.
Routine construction impacts, including health and safety risks, will be managed through standard mitigation measures. The Project is located in a remote area and impacts to local communities are not expected. This has been informed by a social survey, which included engagement with stakeholders. There is limited biodiversity on site and no sensitivities have been identified. The Project site is state land and there are no land users. While located next to a large operational landfill (an EBRD project), no significant cumulative impacts are expected. The Project will adopt a formal E&S management system for both construction and operation including routine testing of influent and treated effluent. The Project will be required to comply with EBRD's labour requirements during all phases of the Project.
The WWTP will adopt a conventional activated sludge process with sludge treatment using aerobic digestion and will treat wastewater to EU Urban Wastewater standards as well as Jordanian standards. The Project has considered various options for the disposal and/or reuse of treated wastewater. The preferred option is reuse for landscape irrigation and agriculture in support of local farmers. The process therefore, and infrastructure requirements, is still to be determined and so the current default option is discharge to a nearby wadi which eventually flows to the Zarqa River and King Talal Dam. Treated effluent will further meet Jordanian standards for irrigation as well as emerging EU requirements for water reuse.
The Project will generate sludge, which will be dried and stored on site (capacity for 7 years). There is, at this stage, no national strategy for sludge disposal and reuse in Jordan, and sludge disposal is an issue faced by all WWTPs. A sludge management study and strategy development are, however, in progress with support from various agencies and the Project will align with any such strategy as required. Current options include disposal to landfill (the Project is located next to a landfill), reuse in agriculture/soil improvement and incineration (cement manufacture for example). Sludge will be dried and stabilised and is expected to be suitable for agricultural purposes, with associated quality testing as required by Jordanian and EU standards.
The Project has been subject to a greenhouse gas (GHG) assessment. The Project results in an increase (42k t CO2e/year) in overall GHG emissions following the closure of the existing facility. This is mainly due to the establishment of a greenfield WWTP rather than current treatment at AGTP and at the large As-Samra WWTP. The Project will establish a GHG inventory and seek improvements to reduce emissions. Most emissions are associated with the treatment process.
The ESIA includes a Stakeholder Engagement Plan and grievance mechanism. Physical stakeholder consultation meetings were conducted during the ESIA and permitting process and informed the ESIA. These meetings were also complemented with a social survey and other stakeholder interviews. A key issue raised was the cumulative effects of multiple existing and potentially future projects in the area. The Project has recognised these concerns and will be implementing measures to integrate and benefit the communities include the provision of treated wastewater for irrigation purposes. The ESIA was disclosed in November 2020. Due to Covid-19, alternative approaches to consultation were adopted including a virtual public meeting, which was attended by members of the local communities.
Technical Cooperation and Grant Financing
Supervision and Implementation, Environmental and Social and Health and Safety Support to assist WAJ in supervision, and health and safety and ESAP implementation. Procurement ongoing.
Sludge Treatment Options Alignment: alignment to national strategy. Forthcoming.
Company Contact Information
+962 6 5652265
K. Hussein St. 34, Amman, Jordan
PSD last updated
11 Feb 2021
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Independent Project Accountability Mechanism (IPAM)
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