Kosovo overview


In Kosovo we focus on:

Supporting competitive development of the private sector: The EBRD will provide financing to Kosovo corporates and small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) to support investment in competitiveness gains. Improving access to finance for SMEs will remain a priority, and the Bank will continue to work with local partner banks to this end. The Bank will continue deploying targeted frameworks, such as the Women in Business programme and the Western Balkans Sustainable Energy Financing Facility, and will also provide business advisory services.

Enhancing energy security and sustainability: The Bank will seek to apply its Green Economy Transition approach to all investments in the country. Energy efficiency and renewable energy can help mitigate power shortfalls, which are currently endemic, while enhancing environmental sustainability. The Bank will also consider supporting investments in power generation capacity where these are consistent with its Energy Sector Strategy.

Supporting connectivity and regional integration: Infrastructure development is needed to improve Kosovo’s regional integration and attract foreign direct investment, as well as to harmonise with EU standards. To that end, Kosovo needs to develop road links to pan-European corridors and modernise its railway network. The EBRD will aim to provide long-term finance and advisory to help build and rehabilitate key transport links, as well as support Kosovo in bringing its transport sector into compliance with European standards.

The EBRD’s latest Kosovo strategy was adopted on 4 October 2016.

EBRD forecast for Kosovo real GDP Growth in 2018 3.7%

EBRD forecast for Kosovo real GDP Growth in 2019 4.0%

Economic growth in Kosovo in 2017 is estimated at 3.7 per cent, a small deceleration compared to the two previous years. Growth was mainly investment driven, although net exports were also a positive contributor to growth. The unemployment rate continued its declining path over the last three years and now stands at 27.5 per cent. However, the low rate of labour force participation, especially among women, represents a key bottleneck for further economic development. We are marginally increasing our 2018 GDP growth forecast to 3.7 per cent, and projecting 4.0 per cent growth in 2019, due mainly to a more favourable external environment and hence higher remittances and exports, as well as an anticipated acceleration of investment, including in public infrastructure. Future growth may also depend on the pace of implementation of the planned new 500MW thermal power plant, for which a contract was signed between the government and the US firm ContourGlobal in December 2017.

Kosovo in the EBRD’s 2017-18 Transition Report