Olives and olive oil in Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon and the West Bank and Gaza



TCRS Number:


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PSD disclosed:

21 Aug 2019

Project Description


The EBRD has been supporting the olive oil sector in SEMED due to, amongst other factors, the commodity’s good domestic and international market prospects and its agro-ecological suitability in a region increasingly impacted by water scarcity. The EBRD and FAO have valuable experience in analysing and addressing key constraints to the agrifood sector’s development in the SEMED region, and in particular in the olive oil value chain. In the selected countries, the olive oil sector presents significant potential for growth; the currently low per capita consumption level, together with population and per capita income growth, can sustain increasing demand for olive oil from domestic and international markets. In addition, the current levels of exports suggest potential for further trade expansion if the countries manage to increase volumes of production. Olive is also a strategic crop in terms of agro-ecologic suitability in a region where water resources are scarce and bound to become even more limited and can have much better greenhouse gas emissions performance when compared with most alternative annual crops. While the olive oil sector seems to hold potential to contribute more significantly towards high value-added agricultural exports and remains socially and economically significant, it also faces several challenges. Some of the key obstacles to development include: i) low yields and high production variability due to farming practices and local climatic conditions, ii) limited alignment of local product quality with international standards due to current production practices, lack of enforcement of international sanitary and phytosanitary regulation and limited domestic consumer awareness about international quality standards, and iii) limited visibility of the products on international markets.

TC services

The main objective of this Assignment is twofold: (1) assess opportunities and constraints for the development of the olive oil sector in Jordan, Lebanon, and the West Bank and Gaza, as well as the olive oil and table olive sectors in Egypt and evaluate potential areas for future investment and TC; (2) provide initial capacity development assistance in the selected countries to support improved product quality and productivity in the olive and olive oil sectors, in particular for increased exports. Building on existing engagement in the sector, the FAO has a key role to play in supporting the development of the olive oil sector in Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon and the West Bank and Gaza amongst stakeholders all along the value chain. FAO is an essential partner for project implementation because it: (i) has implemented with the EBRD the four TCs in olive oil (in Tunisia and Morocco) that this project builds on; (ii) has extensive knowledge of the region's olive oil sector; (iii) can leverage its strong relations with the region's Ministries of Agriculture and other public authorities for effective coordination; (iv) has expertise in launching and structuring successful policy dialogue together with the EBRD; and (v) has been advising governments on the olive oil sector through past work geographical indication, labelling, sector review and work on production costs.

Any competitive selections for business opportunities relating to this project will be published on the EBRD's website: Consultancy Procurement Opportunities.

General enquiries

EBRD project enquiries not related to procurement:
Tel: +44 20 7338 7168
Email: projectenquiries@ebrd.com

Access to Information Policy (AIP)

The AIP sets out how the EBRD discloses information and consults with its stakeholders so as to promote better awareness and understanding of its strategies, policies and operations following its entry into force on 1 January 2020. Please visit the Access to Information Policy page to find out what information is available from the EBRD website.

Specific requests for information can be made using the EBRD Enquiries form

Independent Project Accountability Mechanism (IPAM)

If efforts to address environmental, social or public disclosure concerns with the Client or the Bank are unsuccessful (e.g. through the Client’s Project-level grievance mechanism or through direct engagement with Bank management), individuals and organisations may seek to address their concerns through the EBRD’s Independent Project Accountability Mechanism (IPAM).

IPAM independently reviews Project issues that are believed to have caused (or to be likely to cause) harm. The purpose of the Mechanism is: to support dialogue between Project stakeholders to resolve environmental, social and public disclosure issues; to determine whether the Bank has complied with its Environmental and Social Policy or Project-specific provisions of its Access to Information Policy; and where applicable, to address any existing non-compliance with these policies, while preventing future non-compliance by the Bank.

Please visit the Independent Project Accountability Mechanism webpage to find out more about IPAM and its mandate; how to submit a Request for review; or contact IPAM  via email ipam@ebrd.com to get guidance and more information on IPAM and how to submit a request.

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