The adoption of the Paris Agreement on Climate Change has challenged countries, sub-nationals and private sector actors to meet the greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions reduction targets set out in the agreement. Failing to limit warming “well-below 2°C” would have global implications. Simultaneously, a growing global population and increased incomes are projected to lead to a 50% increase in demand for food by 2050 compared to 2012 levels. Fertilizers will need to play a pivotal role in meeting this increased demand, while also contributing to the global reduction in GHG emissions and support realising other sustainable development goals. Fertilizers are a significant contributor to GHG emissions, with an estimated 2.5% (of which 1% from production) of global GHG emissions stemming from fertilizer production, distribution, and use.
Nitrogen fertilizer consumption is now almost ten times larger than it was sixty years ago. This significant increase in the volume of fertilizer has contributed to the global food systems’ ability to provide for a growing global population. Despite these benefits, such rapid expansion in fertilizer production has implications on local environments and the global climate. Nitrogen fertilizer production is an energy-intensive process currently linked to fossil fuels.
The EBRD is proposing a partnership with the International Energy Agency (“IEA”) and the International Fertilizer Association (“IFA”) to develop a sustainable roadmap for the global nitrogen fertilizer industry. The proposed collaboration will draw on the strengths of all three organisations to produce an output that is built on international best practice in developing such strategic documents.
The key aim of this project is to identify both the policy and technology development and deployment actions needed to achieve a sustainable low-carbon future of the global fertilizer industry, reducing or mitigating the impacts of the industry’s future development on climate change. Furthermore this project would also be developed in an international climate policy and industrial competitiveness context. Specifically, the objectives of this project are to:
a) Conduct a background analysis and articulate the nitrogen fertilizer industry’s baseline with respect to energy performance and carbon intensity. The current impacts, technologies employed and global market conditions of the nitrogen fertilizer industry will also be assessed.
b) Undertake a full and documented stakeholder engagement process through consultation with relevant stakeholders aimed to solicit a broad spectrum of views from industry, civil society and other stakeholders in the identification and articulation of mitigation solutions. This engagement should seek to build a sense of ownership for implementing the roadmap amongst industry representatives and affiliates.
c) Establish a technology roadmap for a sustainable low-carbon future of the global nitrogen fertilizer industry to 2050 to contribute to the Paris Agreement goals, through a combination of introducing technologies and increased levels of enforcement of regulations. Develop examples of best practice in fertilizer production, as well as case studies of potential or realised low-carbon fertilizer transition.
d) Develop indicators and metrics for assessing and monitoring the industry’s performance in implementing the roadmap’s vision and recommendations.
The project will provide essential analysis and vision with a focus on the production phase of fertilizers, as well as recognising and analysing the impact of different practices in the use phase of fertilizers on the demand for such commodities. . The analysis will point out additional areas of research and analysis in the use phase of fertilizers for potential subsequent efforts.
Any competitive selections for business opportunities relating to this project will be published on the EBRD's website: Consultancy Procurement Opportunities.
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