Railport Turkey



Project number:


Business sector:


Notice type:


Environmental category:


Approval date:

05 Sep 2018



PSD disclosed:

20 Jul 2018

Published version of this PSD: Turkish

Project Description

A loan of USD 30 million to finance the Railport, the first private inland terminal to provide intermodal cargo services.

An innovative business concept in Turkey's transport sector, the Railport will be located in the Kocaeli province of Turkey, a major industrial hub. It will service industries located within the Ankara, Bilecik, Bolu, Duzce, Eskisehir, Kocaeli and Sakarya regions. The terminal will have an annual capacity of 100,000 twenty-foot equivalent units (TEU) and 500,000 tonnes general cargo after
implementation of the Phase 1 of the Railport. This capacity will be realised on a terminal area of 26.5 hectares, with 5,000 square meters of warehouse storage capacity.

The project involves the development of an intermodal hub for freight transport within Turkey and will facilitate freight rail transport within Turkey and between Asia and Europe, as well as among European, Balkan and Central Asian countries.

Project Objectives

The project involves design, construction, equipment and operation of an inland intermodal logistics terminal in Kocaeli, Turkey.

Transition Impact

The project's transition impact stems from the following key areas:

1. The project leads to material quality improvements of the current infrastructure services between and within regions that are currently inadequately integrated: the project involves the development of an intermodal hub for freight transportation within Turkey and between Asia and Europe, as well as among European, Balkan and the Central Asian countries. There are currently no intermodal terminals operating on the route connecting Turkey to Europe and Central Asia.

2. 100% of the EBRD funds will be dedicated to investments which are in line with the Bank's Green Economy Transition (GET) approach. The new railport terminal will result in an improved routing of commodity flows both domestically and internationally via railways.

Client Information


The client is Railport Terminal Isletmeleri A.S., a special purpose company incorporated in Turkey and owned by Limar Liman ve Gemi Isletmeleri A.S. (66.6 per cent) and Duisburger Hafen
Aktiengesellschaft (Duisport) (33.3 per cent). Limar Liman ve Gemi Isletmeleri A.S. was founded in 1996 and is the port and terminal operator affiliate of Arkas Holding S.A., providing port services to importers and exporters as well as scheduled container lines.

Duisport is the owner and managing company of the Port of Duisburg in Germany. Duisport offers custom-made solutions through its infrastructure and superstructure, logistics services and packaging
logistics business segments from individual rail transport services to establishment and building management as well as comprehensive consulting services.

EBRD Finance Summary

USD 30,000,000.00

The EBRD is planning to arrange an A loan of up to USD 30 million. A commercial bank is expected to provide parallel financing.

Total Project Cost

USD 86,000,000.00

The total project cost is estimated at circa USD 86 million.

Environmental and Social Summary

Categorised B (2014 ESP). The Environmental and Social (E&S) risks and impacts associated with the construction and operation of an intermodal rail port terminal can be readily assessed and
expected to be site specific and can be avoided or mitigated through good design, management practices and targeted E&S actions. The project is consistent with the GET approach, due to the shift from transporting goods on roads to rail. Currently, two existing railways lines are located adjacent to the project site. As part of the development of the area, the municipality will be providing new roads and new railway lines will be developed by the Turkish State Railways (TCDD) during the construction period. To support the project a siding and a manoeuvring line approximately 3kms long is already developed by TCDD which will be used for directing trains in and out of the Railport terminal. Only the connection line will be developed by the client and will link into the railway lines immediately outside the project site boundary.

Environmental and Social Due Diligence (ESDD) was carried out by Independent E&S Consultants. ESDD confirmed that the project site area was a vacant greenfield site and the client was in the process of securing the leasing rights for various land parcels. It was also identified during ESDD that no assets or structures will be significantly affected by the project. The proposed project site will not result in any involuntary resettlement, all land has been purchased on a willing buyer / willing selling basis and no physical resettlement will be required. The project site is surrounded by mainly industrial areas and small residences. Due to the nature and scale of the project, it is likely that the neighbouring industrial facilities and general public will be affected by the increase in vehicular and railroad traffic.

Environmental and social assessments that have been carried out to date have not identified any significant E&S concerns however additional studies will be carried out as part of the Environmental
and Social Action Plan (ESAP). The construction and operation of the Railport terminal is covered under Annex II of the Turkish Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) Regulations which fully align with EU Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) Directive. A preliminary EIA of the project area was submitted to the Provincial Directorates of Environment and Urbanization (PDEU) and as a result the client has obtained an 'EIA Exemption' letter and certificate from the PDEU dated June 2017 to confirm this project does not require an EIA. Due to the early stage of the project, the client does not currently hold any environmental or construction permits but are required as part of the Environmental and Social Action Plan (ESAP).

During the construction phase of the project, dust emissions are expected to be temporary and localised and not expected to affect areas beyond the project site. Based on the documents provided during ESDD environmental noise modelling was carried out for both the construction and operational phases of the project and it was estimated that the noise level will not exceed the stipulated noise limits values specified in the Turkish Industrial Air Pollution Control Regulation. During the operational phase of the project there will be approximately 300 trucks and 200 passenger vehicles entering and leaving the project site on a daily basis. Mitigation measures to address these impacts are included with the ESAP. A project specific ESAP has been developed and will be implemented by the client, including the need for additional surveys, traffic management plan, Human Resources and Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) management systems and procedures, grievance mechanism, and E&S management plans including requirements related to hazardous materials management. A Stakeholder Engagement Plan will also be developed and implemented by the client. The project will be monitored through annual reporting and site visits if appropriate to confirm ESAP implementation progress and compliance with the Bank's Performance Requirements.

Technical Cooperation


Company Contact Information

Arkas Holding S.A.
+90 (232) 477 77 77
+90 (232) 411 00 00

Liman Caddesi Arkas Binasi #305; No:38 Alsancak 35230

Business opportunities

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