Mechanical wood processing, such as MDF production, is associated with a limited number of environmental issues, which in new plants like this can be easily mitigated with modern technology, project design and construction planning and work practises. The project site is on industrial land in a sparsely populated area. The project is unlikely to be associated with significant environmental impacts. The environmental issues associated with the project can be readily identified, assessed and mitigated. For the above mentioned reasons the project was screened B/0, requiring an Environmental Analysis.
The environmental appraisal has been based on the review of the technical-economic assessment of the investment (TEO) prepared in accordance with the requirements of the Russian law and additional information provided by Kronospan. EBRD's environmental specialist also conducted an environmental due diligence visit to the project site.
The new plant is located in sparsely populated outskirts of town Egorievsk. According to the land use plan of Egorievsk the area is designated for industrial use. The site was previously used for agriculture and no forest land will be occupied. There are no natural parks, protected areas or other known environmentally sensitive areas within the range of potential impact from the facility. The nearest permanent residential area is a village in 300 m distance from the office building and in approx. 500 m distance from the production building. Soil analysis conducted as part of the geological study did not show any contamination with radioactive substances, heavy metals or hydrocarbons.
The plant will consume approximately 480,000 tonnes of wood per annum. This consists of unbarked coniferous and deciduous industrial wood as well as of waste wood from timber processing companies (shavings, trimmings, chips). A substantial part of the round wood raw material will consist of low grade wood, which has no other commercial use. The utilisation rate of the wood as either raw material or fuel is 100%.
Dust (particulate) emission is the most significant atmospheric pollutant from the plant. Adequate air emission reduction control including cyclones, bag/cloth filters and wet scrubbers, has been included in the project design to ensure the emissions will comply with allowable limits. The total annual dust emission has been assessed to be approx. 72 t/a. The emissions of SO2 will be negligible due to the use of natural gas and wood waste as the main fuels. The emissions of NOx and CO2 from the plant have been estimated at 6 t/a and 33.5 t/a, respectively, and will be within allowable limits. Air emissions of nitrogen dioxide and formaldehyde will also meet regulatory limit values and EU standards.
The plant will introduce a dry method for MDF production. Industrial water serves for filling water loop for washing wood chips, the water scrubber behind the drier, cooling loops and for steam production. All industrial wastewater will be circulated and only a limited amount of wastewater is generated. It will be discharged together with the domestic wastewater into the municipal sewage network and the municipal waste water treatment plant, which has adequate capacity to treat these effluents. Rain and storm water will be collected, purified in sedimentation tanks, oil separators and active carbon filters and then discharged to the nearby river.
The chemical and oil storage tanks will contain double shielded walls and secondary containment to prevent leakages into soil.
The solid waste management will be done according to the following principles:
Bark, residual wood chips and saw dust will be used as fuel;
Waste packaging materials will be collected and recycled;
Ash from the boiler will be recycled to be used in soil improvement;
Municipal waste will be transported to the community's dumping site.
Transportation to and from the plant will be carried out by both rail and road. The increase of road and rail traffic has been assessed to be such a negligible magnitude that it will not cause significant disturbance to the surroundings.
Noise abatement has been taken into consideration in the project design and the plant layout. Equipment with significant noise will be installed in noise suppressing enclosures. Placement of the noisiest equipment in the opposite side of the production building from the nearby village and a soil bank constructed between the plant and the village ensures that noise levels at the perimeter of the plant will be within allowable limits (45 dB at night time).
The plant will adhere to Kronospan's corporate occupational health and safety standards that are in use in Kronospan's other plants, including those located in EU countries. All equipment will have in-built ventilation system that will remove dust and solvent and formaldehyde containing glue vapours directly from the emission sources ensuring good indoor air quality and healthy working conditions.
Due to the presence of dry wood dust in the process the fire safety precautions have been carefully taken into consideration in the project design. Fire detectors will be installed at all process equipment where fire hazard is present. Sprinkler systems will be installed in all production buildings. Staff will be trained in fire prevention and fire-fighting.
Kronospan is committed to adopt and implement wood procurement procedures that are based on principles of sustainable forestry, ensuring that:
Egorievskiy Raion, Pos, Noviy D. 21, RU-140341 Moscovskaja Oblast, Russia
Kronospan Holdings Limited
2 Andrea Zakou Street, Office 102, CY 2404 Engomi, Nicosia, Cyprus
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