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Canakkale Solid Waste PPP



Project number:


Business sector:

Municipal and environmental infrastructure

Notice type:


Environmental category:


Approval date:

22 May 2019



PSD disclosed:

31 Jan 2018

As permitted by paragraph 2.6 of Section III of the Access to Information Policy, disclosure of this PSD was deferred in accordance with paragraph 1.4.4 of the Directive on Access to Information.

Project Description

Provision of a senior loan of up to TRY 72.5 million to finance the development of a full-scale integrated solid waste management system in the province of Canakkale, Turkey pursuant to a 29 years concession awarded by the Canakkale Solid Waste Management Municipal Union. The project area, including the Canakkale and nearby municipalities with a total population of 173,000, is located at the west end of the Marmara Region.

The project will include the transfer of the existing municipal solid waste operations in Canakkale and the realisation of additional investments including the (i) construction of a mechanical biological treatment plant, (ii) procurement of a vehicle fleet, (iii) rehabilitation of the existing leachate treatment plant and (iv) related investments in the existing facility.

Project Objectives

The project aims to improve solid waste management system in the Canakkale region through investment and know-how, resulting in an integrated solution in line with Turkey's national solid waste programme.

Transition Impact

ETI score: 66

The transition impact stems from the following two transition qualities:


1) Resilient: The project will introduce a private sector operator to the provision of integrated solid waste management services. Given the current limited involvement of the private sector, a successful transaction will constitute an example for other municipalities which would benefit from similar PPP models for waste minimisation and attract other private investments in the sector.

2) Green: The project will contribute towards the Bank's Green Economy Transition by enhancing innovation and broadening environmental dimensions of the solid waste management sector by demonstrating the economic feasibility of implementing an integrated approach to waste management. The project will promote the sustainability of natural resources, support pollution prevention and will reduce the degradation of ecosystems The project will be included in the Near Zero Waste Programme of Turkey, which aims to foster the implementation of best available technologies for waste minimisation with high positive environmental impact and low market penetration.

Client Information


Suez Canakkale RR Atik Yonetim Hizmetleri A.S., a special purpose company incorporated in Turkey and owned by Sita Cevre (90 per cent) and Altas Yapi Sanayi ve Temizlik Hizmetleri Ticaret A.S (10 per cent).

EBRD Finance Summary

TRY 72,500,000.00

Total Project Cost

TRY 110,800,000.00

Environmental and Social Summary

The project has been categorised B, following an Initial Environmental and Social Examination ("IESE"). The IESE confirmed that the Project's potential adverse impacts would be localised and readily addressed through careful design as well as the implementation of mitigation measures and appropriate management practices. The environmental and social due diligence ("ESDD") was carried out by independent consultants and it covered a review of the solid waste management company's current environmental and social management practices and existing facilities and operations, and an Environmental and Social Analysis of the Project.

ESDD confirmed that the project will bring significant environmental benefits including a binary collection system, separation and treatment of waste prior to landfill disposal (MBT), improvements to the existing landfill (e.g. installation of leachate and landfill gas management systems) enabling EU compliant landfill operations, energy production from gas and medical waste sterilisation. The project aim to reduce the municipal solid waste (MSW) landfilled significantly from 88 per cent to 35 per cent. It is planned that landfill gas will be captured and flared and this should bring about a significant GHG reduction by 78 per cent or 240,000 tonnes CO2-eq/a. The project benefits also include rehabilitation of three waste collection centres and a new vehicle and maintenance depot that will be built. Further improvements that will be realised include support with public education and awareness raising programmes, a Research and Development (R&D) system to further improve the efficiency of the ISWM and assessment of new technologies that could be employed in the future. In addition, the company will set up an automation and data processing system. There will be employment created both during the construction phase and operation of the new facilities.

The CAKAB landfill which has been operational since 2009 is located in a naturally degraded area of an old trass quarry with no significant flora or fauna presence. The closest settlements to the landfill site are Kemel Village and Musakoy, at distances of 3.0 km and 1.8 km respectively from the site. The Hydrogeological Risk Assessment (HRA) has not identified any surface water bodies hydraulically connected with groundwater beneath the landfill within a distance of 5 km from the site. Based on the results of the HRA, the risk of the CAKAB landfill to the aquifer downgradient from the site is considered to be low.

ESAP has been prepared and will be agreed with the Client before Board to address the identified environmental and social issues and impacts during preparation, construction and operation of the project to bring the Project closer to meeting EBRD Performance Requirements. Key ESAP requirements include development and implementation of an environmental and health and safety (EHS) management system and audit program; obtaining  environmental permits and licenses at the appropriate stage of landfill development including clearance for a new EIA; clean-up of small dumpsite on route to landfill; for medical waste sterilisation plant, audit of upstream waste producers and development of  strict waste acceptance procedures; development of pest control measures; further environmental assessments as identified in the gap analysis of EIA and an ecology baseline study for landscape changes and the MBT plant development; development of  a Landfill Closure and Restoration Plan; implementation of a process to provide support to workers who lose their jobs at the BAROS Recycling Facility to enable them secure other jobs, development of a comprehensive set of landfill operating procedures including an Environmental Monitoring Plan); undertaking a Stability Risk Assessment and a bioaerosols risk assessment; ensuring new developments at the landfill conform with Best Available Techniques (BAT); consideration of EHS during the tender process; review of existing landfill operating and H&S procedures, performing a gap analysis and develop and implement a site specific set of H&S procedures; setting appropriate tariff levels to avoid affordability issues; development of site specific HR policy and procedures; implementation of a Stakeholder Engagement Plan (SEP) and supporting authorities with public awareness campaigns and educational activities.

The Company will provide the Bank with annual environmental and social reports, including updates on the implementation of the ESAP. The Bank will conduct monitoring visits, as required.

Technical Cooperation and Grant Financing

Pre-signing: TC provided under NOW to further assess the optimal solution to monetise different waste streams (e.g. glass, PVC or electronic recycling) as well as analyse associated costs related to the establishment of dedicated collection systems. The estimated cost of this assignment is up to EUR 75,000, to be financed by the pre-approved NOW TC programme.

Company Contact Information

Recep Keskinsoy

PSD last updated

06 Aug 2021

Understanding Transition

Further information regarding the EBRD’s approach to measuring transition impact is available here.

Business opportunities

For business opportunities or procurement, contact the client company.

For business opportunities with EBRD (not related to procurement) contact:

Tel: +44 20 7338 7168

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Tel: +44 20 7338 6794

General enquiries

Specific enquiries can be made using the EBRD Enquiries form.

Environmental and Social Policy (ESP)

The ESP and the associated Performance Requirements (PRs) set out the ways in which the EBRD implements its commitment to promoting “environmentally sound and sustainable development”.  The ESP and the PRs include specific provisions for clients to comply with the applicable requirements of national laws on public information and consultation as well as to establish a grievance mechanism to receive and facilitate resolution of stakeholders’ concerns and grievances, in particular, about environmental and social performance of the client and the project. Proportionate to the nature and scale of a project’s environmental and social risks and impacts, the EBRD additionally requires its clients to disclose information, as appropriate, about the risks and impacts arising from projects or to undertake meaningful consultation with stakeholders and consider and respond to their feedback.

More information on the EBRD’s practices in this regard is set out in the ESP.

Integrity and Compliance

The EBRD's Office of the Chief Compliance Officer (OCCO) promotes good governance and ensures that the highest standards of integrity are applied to all activities of the Bank in accordance with international best practice. Integrity due diligence is conducted on all Bank clients to ensure that projects do not present unacceptable integrity or reputational risks to the Bank. The Bank believes that identifying and resolving issues at the project assessment approval stages is the most effective means of ensuring the integrity of Bank transactions. OCCO plays a key role in these protective efforts, and also helps to monitor integrity risks in projects post-investment.

OCCO is also responsible for investigating allegations of fraud, corruption and misconduct in EBRD-financed projects. Anyone, both within or outside the Bank, who suspects fraud or corruption should submit a written report to the Chief Compliance Officer by email to All matters reported will be handled by OCCO for follow-up. All reports, including anonymous ones, will be reviewed. Reports can be made in any language of the Bank or of the Bank's countries of operation. The information provided must be made in good faith.

Access to Information Policy (AIP)

The AIP sets out how the EBRD discloses information and consults with its stakeholders so as to promote better awareness and understanding of its strategies, policies and operations following its entry into force on 1 January 2020. Please visit the Access to Information Policy page to find out what information is available from the EBRD website.

Specific requests for information can be made using the EBRD Enquiries form.

Independent Project Accountability Mechanism (IPAM)

If efforts to address environmental, social or public disclosure concerns with the Client or the Bank are unsuccessful (e.g. through the Client’s Project-level grievance mechanism or through direct engagement with Bank management), individuals and organisations may seek to address their concerns through the EBRD’s Independent Project Accountability Mechanism (IPAM).

IPAM independently reviews Project issues that are believed to have caused (or to be likely to cause) harm. The purpose of the Mechanism is: to support dialogue between Project stakeholders to resolve environmental, social and public disclosure issues; to determine whether the Bank has complied with its Environmental and Social Policy or Project-specific provisions of its Access to Information Policy; and where applicable, to address any existing non-compliance with these policies, while preventing future non-compliance by the Bank.

Please visit the Independent Project Accountability Mechanism webpage to find out more about IPAM and its mandate; how to submit a Request for review; or contact IPAM  via email to get guidance and more information on IPAM and how to submit a request.


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