Bacau Solid Waste Management Project



Project number:


Business sector:

Municipal and environmental infrastructure

Notice type:


Environmental category:


Approval date:

11 Jul 2006



PSD disclosed:

12 May 2006

Project Description

The proposed project is the first phase of a two-stage integrated solid waste management programme for Bacau County. The first phase will cover the municipality of Bacau and 18 surrounding communities, with the intention of expansion to the rest of the County in the second phase.

The Bank’s loan will fund:

  • equipment to be used in collection operations, including recycling and composting bins;
  • a vehicle to be used in the landfill operations; and
  • consultants to assist the City in selection of private sector operators to manage the collection and landfill operations under concession or other forms of agreement.

The Bank’s loan will provide co-financing for a European Union grant for the project. The grant will be used to finance:

1) closure of the existing landfill and village dumpsites and investment in a new landfill that complies with environmental requirements and includes gas-flaring and leachate treatment facilities;

2) installation of waste collection and selection facilities aimed at increasing the level of recycling in Bacau and surrounding communities and ensuring that the remaining solid waste is disposed of in the environmentally compliant landfill.

Transition Impact

Competition and private sector development
Through the proposed project, waste services will be reorganised at a scale which will enable competition and private sector involvement; long-term concessions will be tendered for landfill management and waste collection.

Technology transfer
The proposed project will enable dramatic improvements in technology, including modern leachate collection and treatment for both the existing and new landfills; the use of composting facilities and implementation of recycling facilities for waste separation and reuse.

Market expansion
Through a two-phased approach which is expected ultimately to reach the whole county, the project will enable financing of waste facilities in small municipalities and rural areas.

Framework for markets
The proposed project will build capacity at the city level for tendering and awarding private sector waste concessions and for monitoring and regulating the concessionaires and the sector, in general. The project will also require the Municipality to institute full cost recovery tariffs sufficient to pay for the improved facilities and service.

The Client

The Municipality of Bacau, a city of approximately 185,000 in Eastern Romania is also the capital of Bacau County. The Municipality will manage the project through a Project Implementation Unit and will also represent 18 neighboring communities in the project implementation. Upon completion of the project, the Municipality will tender for operators of the landfill and collection services.

EBRD Finance

EBRD loan of EUR 5 million to the Municipality of Bacau, with co-financing of EUR 15 million from an EU ISPA grant.

Project Cost

EUR 20 million.

Environmental Impact

Screened: C/0.

The component of the EU ISPA’s project which refers to purchasing of equipment for improving solid waste management and which will be financed by EBRD is associated with negligible environmental issues. However, the Bank's environmental specialists have reviewed the Environmental Impact Assessment for Integrated Waste Management in Bacau Municipality and Surrounding Areas prepared for EU ISPA by independent consultants. The investigations showed that the Bank's project will contribute to improving the environmental situation in Bacau and its surrounding areas by bringing the waste management practices into line with the applicable EU environmental standards. The equipment to be purchased with the Bank’s proceeds will need to meet applicable EU environmental standards and appropriate technical specifications will be incorporated in the tender documents.

Technical Cooperation

Technical cooperation will be provided from loan funds and the ISPA grant. Consultants will be utilised to assist in project supervision and for advice and tendering of private sector operators for the landfill and collection services.


Business opportunities

For business opportunities or procurement, contact the client company.

For state-sector projects, visit EBRD Procurement: Tel: +44 20 7338 6794

General enquiries

EBRD project enquiries not related to procurement:
Tel: +44 20 7338 7168

Public Information Policy (PIP)

The PIP sets out how the EBRD discloses information and consults with its stakeholders so as to promote better awareness and understanding of its strategies, policies and operations. Please visit the Public Information Policy page below to find out how to request a Public Sector Board Report.
Text of the PIP

Independent Project Accountability Mechanism (IPAM)

If efforts to address environmental, social or public disclosure concerns with the Client or the Bank are unsuccessful (e.g. through the Client’s Project-level grievance mechanism or through direct engagement with Bank management), individuals and organisations may seek to address their concerns through the EBRD’s Independent Project Accountability Mechanism (IPAM).

IPAM independently reviews Project issues that are believed to have caused (or to be likely to cause) harm. The purpose of the Mechanism is: to support dialogue between Project stakeholders to resolve environmental, social and public disclosure issues; to determine whether the Bank has complied with its Environmental and Social Policy or Project-specific provisions of its Access to Information Policy; and where applicable, to address any existing non-compliance with these policies, while preventing future non-compliance by the Bank.

Please visit the Independent Project Accountability Mechanism webpage to find out how to submit a Request for review through our confidential online form, by email, mail or telephone. IPAM is available to discuss your concerns and answer any questions you may have about the submission or handling of Requests, which follow the Project Accountability Policy and Guidance. Requestors’ identities may be kept confidential, upon request.

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