Why reform is needed
Public contracts are a basis for major and expensive projects (in areas such as infrastructure, education and health care), which deliver essential everyday services to the public and make a vital contribution to national economic development. Public procurement therefore has a significant impact on the economic performance and the quality of life for citizens in our countries of operations.
The efficiency of public procurement is strictly related to the public procurement legislation in force, the capacity of the regulatory and enforcement authorities to perform their duties effectively and the professionalism of individual procurement officers.
The challenge for governments is to develop a legal regime that balances maximum efficiency with the need for transparency in public contracting. All stakeholders – public sector contracting entities, suppliers and contractors and members of the general public – need to be aware of the fundamental principles of transparency and fair competition in public procurement, as these play an important role in ensuring that public money is well spent. Governments also need to train and retain qualified procurement officers.
The LTP's role
The main objective of LTP’s work in this area is to support legal and institutional reforms aimed at ensuring that procurement laws and practices in the EBRD regions are modern and in line with international standards. The LTP achieves this through sector assessments, standard setting, technical cooperation and knowledge-sharing initiatives.
Public procurement projects are divided into the following work streams:
- The EBRD UNCITRAL Public Procurement Reform Initiative
- The EBRD GPA Technical Cooperation Facility
- facilitating SME participation in electronic public tenders
- digital public procurement cycle - assistance in designing and implementing electronic public procurement
- tribunal skills for public procurement review
- open data/open government in public procurement - for public access to procurement information and enforcement: reporting, monitoring and audit