MR3: GAM Lagoon Remediation Project



Project number:


Business sector:

Municipal and environmental infrastructure

Notice type:


Environmental category:


Approval date:

12 Nov 2019



PSD disclosed:

20 Sep 2019

Translated version of this PSD: Arabic

Project Description

Provision of EUR 10,300,000 for the construction of remedial infrastructure which involves a water tunnelling system that aims to drain a 200,000 m2 contaminated lagoon in the city of Russeifa (15 KM north east of Amman), to restore the original stormwater flow from Marka into Zarqa river, thus preventing the lagoon from forming again and mitigating the associated environmental hazards (the "Project").

Project Objectives

This contaminated lagoon was created due to the obstruction of natural water stream, which used to flow from Wadi Marka (a rainwater catchment area south-west to the lagoon), into Zarqa River (north-east of the lagoon). The obstruction, which was mainly due to industrial and mining activities in the area, resulted in complete blockage of water flow, thus creating a stagnant pond. With time, the lagoon got heavily polluted with industrial and domestic sewage, debris, waste, and other contaminants. The situation has significantly deteriorated since 2011, underpinned by the refugee crisis, which placed unprecedented pressure on the surrounding wastewater network resulting in more sewage leakages into the lagoon.

The Project aims to finance the infrastructure solution for the remediation of the current hazardous lagoon using a water tunneling system, prevention of new wastewater leakages into the lagoon, and setting up the required infrastructure work for the collection and transfer of storm water from the lagoon back to the Zarqa river to restore the original flow of the river stream.

Transition Impact

The Project falls under the EBRD's Municipal Refugee Resilience Framework (MR3). The transition qualities for Project are consistent with the MR3 TI's, which are Resilient and Well-Governed, as the Project aims at implementing remediation and prevention measures, which are expected to result in a much improved environmental situation compared to the current challenging situation of the Lagoon.

Client Information


EBRD Finance Summary

EUR 10,300,000

Total Project Cost

EUR 20,600,000

Environmental and Social Summary

Categorised B (ESP 2014). Environmental and Social Due Diligence (“ESDD”) for this Project has been carried out as part of the feasibility study by an independent external consultant. The results of the ESDD confirmed that the E&S impacts of this Project will be localised, temporary (confined to construction phase), and manageable through adopting appropriate mitigation measures. The Project will benefit the residents in the Russeifa Municipality area by removing the nuisance resulting from the Lagoon area. The Project will have environmental benefits through prevention of further contamination of the stormwater and will also allow for improving climate adaptation in a water scarce region, allowing the collection and diversion of around 400,000 m3 /year of stormwater that can be utilised for irrigation purposes through the replenishment of Zarqa River’s water resources.

ESDD confirmed that no permanent land acquisition or resettlement will be required for the Project. Project activities for the pipeline construction will be mainly within Russeifa Municipality owned land and/or along the existing or planned roads. Several alternative routes for the pipeline for future removal of the stormwater from the Lagoon area have been reviewed, and the optimal route along the public roads has been selected which will involve utilising the micro-tunnelling technology, which will prevent open trenches and minimise any land-disturbance.

The new water conveyance system provided by the Project will prevent stormwater accumulation in the Lagoon and will divert it to Zarqa River. The conveyed water will consist of typical stormwater run-off and is not expected to pose any threat to the water quality of Zarqa River.  There are currently no industrial discharges into the Lagoon, and all industrial activities in the catchment area are connected to public sewer systems. An existing perimeter wall /fence around the Lagoon currently prevents unauthorised access and dumping of waste, and GAM have taken positive measures to free the Lagoon from accumulated debris. Any current stagnant water/wastewater from the Lagoon, and any future and currently not connected municipal wastewater discharges that will be intercepted will be diverted into the wastewater network managed by WAJ for further treatment at the As-Samra wastewater treatment plant. The technical solution selected for the Project does not foresee for any contaminated silt / soil to be removed from the Lagoon bed, and instead it will be covered with a layer of impermeable material and rock filling to prevent any future contamination and leaching of any past contaminants into the ground and to allow for further urban regeneration plans for the site. Only limited quantity of the contaminated silt / soil, if required, will be removed and conveyed to a suitable hazardous solid waste landfill.

An Environmental and Social Action Plan (“ESAP”) has been prepared for this Project. The ESAP  requires GAM to implement a number of improvements designed to meet EBRD’s PRs. GAM will need to further develop their capacity to manage this Project in line with EBRD requirements, and an additional technical assistance has been foreseen to assist GAM with the project supervision, health and safety management, and implementation of the required mitigation measures. The key ESAP actions are related to producing design documents and obtaining the necessary environmental and works permits , development and implementation of a Construction Environmental and Social Management Plan (“CESMP”), a worker training plan, preparation of the workers grievance mechanism, emergency preparedness and response planning, incident reporting procedures, occupational and public health and safety management plans, chance finds procedures for construction, waste management procedures, and implementation of the SEP together with a public grievance mechanism. The ESAP will be part of the legal documentation for the Project. A Stakeholder Engagement Plan (“SEP”) and a Non-Technical Summary (“NTS”) for the Project have also been prepared and will be disclosed by GAM locally and on their website.

The Bank will monitor the implementation of the Project and the ESAP as well as GAM’s environmental and social performance by reviewing their annual environmental and social reports and undertaking monitoring visits as needed.

Technical Cooperation

Feasibility Study and Tender Preparation Support: Technical, procurement and implementation,
financial, legal, environmental and social analysis of the Project, including preparation of technical
and functional specifications and technical support during tender evaluation. The estimated cost of
the assignment is up to EUR 200,000, to be financed by Infrastructure's pre-approved allocation
under the Community Resilience Sub Account of the EBRD SSF.

Company Contact Information

Nemeh Qatnani
PO Box; 11118

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