FYR Macedonia

Project number:


Business sector:

Manufacturing and Services

Notice type:


Environmental category:


Approval date:

06 Jul 1999



PSD disclosed:

26 May 1999

Project Description

The project involves the upgrading and modernisation of Alkaloid's pharmaceutical production facilities in Skopje, FYR Macedonia, through the establishment of new drug manufacturing facilities with good manufacturing practice (GMP) certification

The objective of the project is to assist Alkaloid in obtaining GMP certification, a pre-requisite for sales in Western countries.

Transition Impact

This project will be the second private sector industrial project to be financed by the EBRD in FYR Macedonia, and the first of a 100 per cent locally owned and managed company. The project will have a strong demonstration effect resulting from the restructuring and upgrading to Western standards of a very well-known local company and will promote the development of the local private sector. In addition, environmental management programmes will be introduced to bring the company in line with EU standards. Finally, this project will support the integration of the Macedonian private sector into the international economy. This is especially significant in light of the impact that the Kosovo crisis is having on manufacturing companies in FYR Macedonia.

The Client

Alkaloid-A.D.-Skopje is a joint-stock company based in Skopje, manufacturing pharmaceuticals, chemicals, cosmetics, coatings and food products.

EBRD Finance

A senior loan with a convertibility option of EUR 8.7 million with an eight-and-a-half year tenor inclusive of a two-and-a-half year grace period. The International Finance Corporation is to provide a EUR 8.7 million senior loan with a convertibility option on terms similar to those of the EBRD.

Project Cost

EUR 35.4 million

Environmental Impact

The project has been screened as B/1 by the Bank’s Environmental Appraisal Unit, requiring an environmental analysis of the new project and an environmental audit of the existing facilities. Environmental due diligence was undertaken by international environmental consultants. Areas of particular concern include waste-water treatment, waste management and storage, air emissions and soil and groundwater contamination.

The results of the audits and assessments along with discussions with the local regulatory authorities and review of existing data indicate that Alkaloid is currently in compliance with Macedonian legislation. The upgrades planned in the pharmaceutical and coating manufacturing facilities will significantly improve Alkaloid's progress towards EU and IFC/World Bank standards, which it will achieve within a three-year programme. The programme is set out in a detailed Environmental Action Plan (EAP), which includes modifications to existing equipment and installation of new equipment. These upgrades include the implementation of a company-wide air emission-monitoring programme, waste-water monitoring, upgrade of storage facilities, removal of underground storage tanks, and review and upgrade of the company’s worker health and safety programme. Costs of implementing the EAP are estimated at DM 13 million. Implementation of the final EAP will form a covenant of the loan agreement.

Technical Cooperation



Business opportunities

For business opportunities or procurement, contact the client company.

For state-sector projects, visit EBRD Procurement: Tel: +44 20 7338 6794

General enquiries

EBRD project enquiries not related to procurement:
Tel: +44 20 7338 7168

Public Information Policy (PIP)

The PIP sets out how the EBRD discloses information and consults with its stakeholders so as to promote better awareness and understanding of its strategies, policies and operations. Please visit the Public Information Policy page below to find out how to request a Public Sector Board Report.
Text of the PIP

Share this page: