The client is a special purpose company AS Estonian Cell incorporated in Estonia for implementing the Project. The BCTMP mill will use as a raw material under-utilised aspen resources of Estonia.
The project will provide technology transfer by introducing to the country the first new pulp mill since 1960's with modern, state-of-the-art technology.
- The project will provide technology transfer by introducing to the country the first new pulp mill since 1960's with modern, state-of-the-art technology.
- The project will process and add value to a local low cost raw material before exporting.
- The project will catalyse the market expansion for Estonian wood supply industry and will induce further competition.
- The project is also expected to improve standards of business conduct and backward linkages to wood suppliers. Significant local sourcing will also have beneficial impact on the local forestry sector as the commitment of the Sponsor to use sustainable wood procurement and standard terms and conditions for suppliers should help spread such practices in the region.
The production capacity of the planned new plant is more than 200 tonnes of pulp per day. Therefore, the project has been screened A/0, requiring an Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA).
At the time of the Bank’s involvement in the Project, the EIA had already been carried out in accordance with Estonian EIA law, which is consistent with EU EIA directive and with the Bank’s EIA requirements. Based on the EIA process, the Estonian Environmental Authorities have issued an integrated environmental permit for the construction and operation of the Plant. The Bank’s Environmental specialists have reviewed the EIA and the integrated environmental permit. They were found to provide satisfactory information for meeting the Bank’s EIA requirements.
A contemporary environment-friendly technology will be used in the production – the Bleached Chemi-Thermo-Mechanical Pulp (BCTMP) technology, which, in the form to be used at Kunda, conforms to the requirements of the Estonian Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control Act (IPPC), which prescribes the conditions for the use of the best available technique in applying for an integrated pollution permit, as well as to EU and international requirements for the best available techniques (BAT). The Plant will introduce highest standards of energy and resource efficiency.
the wood does not originate from protected forests or from areas recognised as having high ecological value;
the origin of the wood is monitored;
suppliers operate according to the principles of sustainable development, in compliance with applicable legislation ; and
the biodiversity and the functions of the forest ecosystem are maintained in accordance with internationally and nationally approved principles.
The plant will promote sustainable and environmentally friendly forest management as well as contribute to the more effective use of aspen stands (forests) that have not been used for a long time in Estonia. The chosen technology will also allow the use of low-quality aspen and will thereby promote the management of aspen stands primarily in private forest land where a majority of forests with communities of aspen grow.
The EIA and the associated public consultation process resulted in a number of recommendations for mitigating the potentially significant impacts of the construction and operation of the Plant, including:
An environmental management system will be established and implemented in due course after the start-up of the plant's operation in accordance with ISO 14001 standards to reduce a continuous environmental effect and to prevent accidents.
A drainage system will be provided to preserve the water regime and to ensure the protection of the ecologically valuable forest growing in the north of the project site. Forest protection measures and forest management works will also be applied.
Noise abatement measures, for example, the construction of noise barriers in the vicinity of the Plant's main sources of noise, will be sought for bringing the level of noise into conformity with the applicable standards, if it becomes evident in the course of operation of the plant that the level of noise in the closest residential district of Jõe street, Kunda Town, does not conform to the requirements.
When designing the final location of the utility network pipeline for wastewater, regard should be given to the borders and the applicable regulations of the Letipea nature protection area and to ensure taking account of the legitimate interests of landowners. The will be located at least 10m below the surface of the sea;
In case monitoring shows that the bottom flora and fauna in the surroundings of the wastewater deep-sea outlet have been affected to a significant effect and/or that the spawning conditions of fish have deteriorated, the programme for the restoring fish resources (in particular with regard to salmon and sea trout) will be taken part in;
In addition to compliance with the requirements of legislation, measures to prevent the use of illegally obtained wood as a raw material for the plant will be applied. In co-operation with wood suppliers, measures for promoting sustainable and environmentally friendly forest management will be applied;
Employees working on the composting grounds will be provided with special clothing and equipment to reduce the possible harmful effect of emissions emitted in the course of the composting process (including allergens);
Procedures for the prevention of accidents and for action in the event of accidents and regulations for internal fire safety will be established.
- In the event of possible accidents, supervisory and local government authorities will be promptly informed thereof, risks will be evaluated and, as a result, the production process will be suspended or stopped, if necessary.
The EIA process in accordance with the Estonian EIA law, completed before the involvement of the Bank in the project, had included an extensive public consultation, including several public meetings held in different phases of the Project. A public consultation process was also carried out in the course of procedure for issue of the integrated permit in accordance with the Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control Act. In addition, several articles regarding the Project have been published in the newspapers with national and local coverage.
In addition to requirements for monitoring the Plant’s emissions and discharges and waste amounts set out in environmental regulations and environmental permits, the EIA has resulted in recommendations for specific monitoring of the potentially significant environmental impacts of the construction and operation of the plant. These include:
After the completion of the construction work, a balance of the water conducted away and used for the preservation of the water regime of the key biotope should be prepared;
Monitor the amount of water of Kunda River;
Ambient air should be monitored in accordance with the specifications set forth in the environmental permits; it is advisable to co-operate with other enterprises in Kunda that are emitting pollutants area and to use the assistance of independent experts;
- In the surrounding area of the wastewater deep-sea outlet, it is necessary to arrange the monitoring of the pollution load of the emitted wastewater and the evaluation of the effect of wastewater on the marine flora and fauna the deep-sea outlet. The monitoring should include periodical measurements of the quality of the sea water and determination of changes in the species structure, in the spread of natural communities at the bottom of the sea (flora and fauna) and in the fish fauna, and investigation of the reasons.
Mr. Terje Haglund (Larvik cell AS), Email: email@example.com
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