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Helena Schweiger


Helena Schweiger is a Senior Economist at the EBRD Office of the Chief Economist.

Helena holds a PhD in Economics from University of Maryland, College Park and her main research interests include applying micro-to-macro empirical analysis to try to understand the causes of differences in productivity and growth across countries, businesses and time and their policy implications.
She is currently working on the EBRD-EIB-World Bank Group Enterprise Survey and a few papers looking at the relationship between firm performance and the environment/climate change.


2006 - Ph.D. Economics, University of Maryland, College Park, USA
2003 - M.A. Economics, University of Maryland, College Park, USA
2000 - B.A. Economics, University of Ljubljana, Slovenia

Research interests

  • Development Economics
  • Productivity
  • Management Practices
  • Business Environment
  • Innovation

Peer-reviewed journal articles

Schweiger, Helena, Alexander Stepanov, and Paolo Zacchia (2022), The Long-Run Effects of R&D Place-Based Policies: Evidence from Russian Science Cities, American Economic Journal: Economic Policy, 14 (3): 322-51. View

Schweiger, Helena and Alexander Stepanov (2022), When good managers face bad incentives: Management quality and fuel intensity in the presence of price distortions, Energy Policy, 164. View

Bartz-Zuccala, W., P. Mohnen and H. Schweiger (forthcoming), The role of innovation and management practices in determining firm productivity, Comparative Economic Studies. View

Becker, T., H. Schweiger, I. Livshits, B. B. Bakker and T. Mylovanov (2018), The future of CIS and CEE countries, Economics of Transition, 26(4), 801-826. View

Francis, D. C. and H. Schweiger (2017), Not so different from non-traders: Trade premia in Middle East and North Africa, Economics of Transition, 25(2), 185-238. View

Veugelers, R. and H. Schweiger (2016), Innovation policies in transition countries: One size fits all? Economic Change and Restructuring, 49(2), 241-267. View

Haltiwanger, J., S. Scarpetta and H. Schweiger (2014), Cross country differences in job reallocation: The role of industry, firm size and regulations, Labour Economics, 26(1), 11-25. View

Schweiger, H. and G. Friebel (2013), Market pressure, ownership, management quality and firm performance across Russia, Open Economies Review, 24(2), 763-788. View

Bloom, N., H. Schweiger and J. Van Reenen (2012), The land that lean manufacturing forgot? Management practices in transition countries. Economics of Transition, 20(4), 593-635. View

Working papers

Schweiger, H. and C. Petracco (2012), Impact of armed conflict on firm performance and perceptions of business environment, EBRD Working Paper 152.

Schweiger, H (2011), The impact of state aid for restructuring on the allocation of resources, EBRD Working Paper 127.

Work in Progress

Martin, R., M. Muûls, L. de Preux, H. Schweiger and U. Wagner, Firms and the environment: Is there a difference between Eastern and Western Europe?, March 2018.

Günther, M. and H. Schweiger, Green revenues: Making some serious green?, June 2018.

Chapters in books

H. Schweiger (forthcoming), Innovation in the CESEE region: the role of business environment, financing and reforms, in E. Nowotny, D. Ritzberger-Grünwald and H. Schuberth (eds.), Structural reforms for growth and cohesion. Lessons and challenges for CESEE countries and a modern Europe, Edward Elgar Publishing, 47-59.

Berglof, E., L. Bruynhooghe, H. Harmgart, P. Sanfey, H. Schweiger and J. Zettelmeyer (2011), European transition at twenty: Addressing progress in countries and sectors, in G. Roland (ed.), Economies in transition: The long-run view, Palgrave Macmillan, 254-292.

Other publications

Francis, D. C. and H. Schweiger (2018), MENA firms involved in trade: Characteristics and challenges, the forum, ERF Policy Portal. View

Fankhauser, S., M. Günther and H. Schweiger (2017), Green growth, EBRD Transition Report, Chapter 4, 72-93. View

De Haas, R. and H. Schweiger (2017), What's holding back the private sector in MENA?, the forum, ERF Policy Portal. View

Francis, D. C., H. Schweiger, A. Stepanov and S. Stölting (2016), Competitiveness in the MENA region: Trade, innovation, and management practices, What's Holding Back the Private Sector in MENA? Lessons from the Enterprise Survey, Chapter 5, 84-113. View

Plekhanov, A., and H. Schweiger (2014), The many faces of innovation, EBRD Transition Report, Chapter 1, 10-29. View

Mohnen, P., H. Schweiger and F. Silve (2014), Innovation and firm performance, EBRD Transition Report, Chapter 2, 30-43. View

Bartz, W., E. Gelebo, P. Mohnen and H. Schweiger (2014), Drivers of innovation, EBRD Transition Report, Chapter 3, 44-63. View

Bovini, G., H. Schweiger and R. Veugelers (2014), Policies supporting innovation, EBRD Transition Report, Chapter 5, 82-103. View

Friebel, G., J. Lukšič and H. Schweiger (2013), Education, institutions and human capital. EBRD Transition Report, Chapter 4, 62-77. View

Plekhanov, A. and H. Schweiger (2012), The management dimension. Diversifying Russia: Harnessing Regional Diversity, Chapter 5, 51-55. View

Ricka, F. and H. Schweiger (2010), Evaluating and improving the business environment. EBRD Transition Report, Chapter 5, 86-94. View

Bruynhooghe, L., H. Harmgart, P. Sanfey, H. Schweiger and J. Zettelmeyer (2009), Transition: Where does it stand and where should it go? EBRD Transition report, Chapter 5, 94-115. View

Commander, S., E. Hitaj and H. Schweiger (2007), People’s attitudes and experiences in the labour market, EBRD Transition Report, Chapter 4, 64-73.


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