Linear Risk | Business impacts of linear consumption practices

This paper, co-authored by EBRD, Circle Economy, KPMG, PGGM and the WBCSD, discusses the business risks of continuing current material consumption practices. These ‘Linear Risks’ stem from companies’ reliance on perceived constant and stable supplies of resources despite practices that deplete their availability. Businesses face these risks if they utilise scarce and non-renewable resources, prioritise sales of new products, fail to collaborate, and fail to innovate or adapt. The paper offers a circular economy model to address these risks, ensuring the value of materials is preserved by recapturing and reusing materials within supply chains.