Improving the climate resilience of hydropower facilities in Tajikistan

The EBRD is piloting the integration of adaptation to climate change measures into its hydropower investments in Tajikistan.

With a dense river network and some of the highest glaciers in the world, Tajikistan has one of the largest hydropower potentials of any country. However, much of this potential remains untapped and the country is still a net importer of electricity, following years of under-investment in hydropower facilities.

Climate Investment Funds (CIF) grant

In 2010 the Climate Investment Funds (CIF) donors approved a US$ 10 million grant under its Pilot Programme for Climate Resilience (PPCR) for the Bank to pilot the integration of climate change analysis and climate resilience measures into its hydropower investments in Tajikistan. This grant will be used to co-finance a major investment project in which the EBRD, the EIB and the EU intend to cooperate to rehabilitate a major hydropower plant in northern Tajikistan.

Preparing to tackle climate change impact

This grant will enable the team to develop solutions to some of the main climate change risks that threaten hydropower facilities in Central Asia, such as the increased likelihood of floods, seasonal surges and extreme climate-related events such as mudslides. These risks mean that the spillway capacities of the dam may need to be re-dimensioned, or emergency spillway facilities developed. Other climate resilience measures may include measures to cope with altered sedimentation patterns, as well as ensuring that power generation equipment can operate optimally over the ranges of climate conditions that could reasonably be expected over the lifespan of the facility, including water flow, water temperature and sediment load.

This is the first time that the EBRD has accessed finance from the CIF for the purposes of climate change adaptation. The grant will enable the team to develop solutions to some of the main climate change risks that threaten hydropower facilities not just in Tajikistan but across Central Asia.