Turkey: End-of-Waste (EoW) Criteria and Streamlining Secondary Raw Material Concept in the Turkish Waste Legislation



Business sector:

Sustainable Resources and Climate Change

Funding source:

AUDR00 - Austria DRIVE Acc

Contract type:

Consultancy Services

Notice type:

Invitation for expressions of interest (CSU)

Issue date:

26 May 2017

Closing date:

15 Jun 2017   at  11:00   London

Access eSelection

Assignment Background and Description:
In 2015, the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (the “EBRD” or the “Bank”) launched the Near Zero Waste (NØW) Programme aiming to catalyse a transformational change in Turkey’s waste management. It will accomplish this by developing financing mechanisms to encourage early movers to develop waste minimisation investments in best available techniques in different waste streams and value chain links. The NØW Project provides technical assistance to support the implementation of Turkey’s integrated waste management action plan, to identify and develop waste minimisation initiatives by the private sector, and to develop awareness and knowledge initiatives supporting waste minimisation expansion throughout Turkey.

The EBRD is financing a sub-project under NØW called the Türkiye Materials Marketplace in Turkey. The Türkiye Materials Marketplace (“TMM”) is a cloud-based platform designed to facilitate cross-industry materials reuse among Turkish companies and communities. The project is based on a secure marketplace software platform through which project members will be invited to share materials data from their operations. With assistance from the project team, companies will then work collaboratively to identify, evaluate and implement material reuse and valorisation opportunities which are crucial components of circular economy. This study has been planned within the policy dialogue activities of the TMM project under the NØW Programme.

Over the last decades, the European Union (the “EU”) has adopted environmental legislation on waste handling and treatment, with the specific purpose of protecting human health and the environment. This legislation naturally applies to waste. If a waste ceases to be waste and becomes a product, waste legislation does not apply any longer.

The Turkish Waste Management Regulation (02.04.2015, Official Gazette: 29314) states that wastes should be collected by and delivered to licenced companies. The waste regulation also imposes controls for the re-using waste derived from secondary materials in order to protect the human health and the environment from risks associated to the collection, transport, treatment, storage and disposal of waste. These administrative burdens in some cases might not be necessary where little risk is involved and the certainty of re-use is guaranteed. Removing the administrative burdens, by changing the waste status of the material when it is not necessary, may be an economic incentive to encourage the re-use and upcycle of wastes.

The Waste Framework Directive (2008/98/EC) of the EU establishes certain conditions that have to be complied by the end-of-waste requirements. Similar to the efforts in the EU, Turkey is interested in introducing such criteria into its waste legislation to promote material valorisation and waste re-use in the country. During the accession period, Turkey has adopted all relevant waste directives into its legislation. Almost all requirements in the Waste Framework Directive (2008/98/EC) were harmonised in the waste management regulation (02.04.2015, Official Gazette: 29314) except the end-of-waste (“EoW”) criteria defined in the Article 6 of the Directive.

The EBRD intends to engage a consultancy firm (the “Consultant”) to develop a general methodology and guidelines for separately developing the end-of-waste criteria according to the Turkish context (the “Assignment”). The Assignment will be carried out as a policy dialogue activity to support the implementation of the TMM project. The Ministry of Environment and Urbanisation (“MoEU”) will remain a stakeholder throughout the project cycle of the Assignment. The Consultant is expected to carry out the following tasks:

Data gathering:

- Review and clarify the definition of waste, production residue, by-product and alternative raw material in the Turkish legislation;
- Provide analysis of the concept of end-of-waste, of the principles according to which waste may cease to be waste and of the rational for the determination of end-of-waste criteria;
- Conduct interviews with companies and business associations, do desktop research and gather data (amounts of waste generated, recycled, disposed, etc.) to:
· Assess the waste streams which could be candidate materials for the end-of-waste criteria (“Candidate Materials”), in terms of their economic and technical viability. The potential Candidate Materials are: metal scrap of iron and steel, aluminium, copper; plastics; paper; glass cullet; biodegradable waste, including food and agricultural waste;

· Identify the most common waste flows for industrial symbiosis in Turkey;

· Assess the economic, social, environmental and legislative impacts of implementing the end-of-waste criteria for the identified Candidate Materials;

· Assess the market potential of the Candidate Materials in Turkey, if EoW criteria are implemented.


- Benchmarking of the administrative procedures required for by-products and alternative raw materials in Turkey with 2 selected EU countries and the USA;
- Analysis of relevant studies on “end-of-waste criteria” including Joint Research Center (JRC)[1] studies;
- Review examples within the EU of successful implementation of EoW approaches, extract conclusions and develop key performance indicators (KPIs) for their transposition to Turkey;
- Provide a quantitative analysis of successful examples from the waste valorisation and business-to-business materials exchange initiatives within the EU (in terms of volume and economic benefits);

TMM Platform:

- In connection with the TMM platform, provide advice to the MoEU on monitoring the material flows which the EoW criteria would potentially apply;
- Preparation of the relevant guideline to help industrial stakeholders understand the end-of-waste process and categorisation as by-product, alternative raw material etc. including guidance on the administrative steps, timeline, procedure and monitoring of material exchanges with especial focus on the integration of the concept in the TMM activities;
- Work on the potential materials in Turkish market, materials entered into the TMM platform and survey results to define potential synergies and propose industrial symbiosis options based on the proximity principle in coordination with the Materials Marketplace project expert team.

Guidance to the MoEU:

- Carry out a consultation meeting with the experts within the MoEU to discuss the initial findings of the study.
- Following the consultation, provide suggestions for simplification of the legal framework for by-products and secondary raw materials.
- Preparation of guidelines on how to set end-of-waste criteria, including a roadmap for implementation to achieve expected results;
- Provide suggestions to the MoEU in incorporating the end-of-waste criteria into the current legislation and streamlining the administrative procedures to facilitate the end-of-waste criteria related application procedures.
Full TOR are available through this link

Status of Selection Process: Interested firms or groups of firms are hereby invited to submit expressions of interest.

Assignment Start Date and Duration: The Assignment is expected to start in June 2017 and has an estimated overall duration of approximately 7 months.

Cost Estimate for the Assignment: up to EUR 74,950.00 (exclusive of VAT), subject to availability of funding. The contract may be extended, subject to needs, performance and availability of funding.

The Consultant must determine whether any VAT would be chargeable on the services and the basis for that determination, without taking into consideration the special status of the Bank as an IFI and state this to the Bank in their response to the Invitation for Expressions of Interest. To the extent that a Consultant incurs input VAT on goods and services purchased in connection with the provision of services (e.g. VAT on airline ticket) which is not otherwise recoverable by the consultant from the local tax authority, the gross cost to the consultant of such expenses shall be treated as a reimbursable expense.

Funding Source: Austria DRIVE Fund

Eligibility: there are no eligibility restrictions

Consultant Profile: Corporate services are required. The Consultant will be a firm or a group of firms with substantial project experience relating to waste management, particularly industrial waste and municipal waste management; in addition to knowledge of the waste legislation in the EU. In order to ensure successful implementation of the assignment, the Consultant’s team is expected to have a combination of technical and policy-related experience.

The Consultant’s team should at least consist of the following key expertise:

- Project Manager with preferably 10 years relevant expertise in waste management projects. Project Manager should be able to demonstrate strong knowledge in the waste legislation in the EU and the end-of-waste criteria along with strong communication skills, keeping relevant stakeholders engaged and timely informed; and have strong professional English skills, particularly for writing and editing. Knowledge of Turkish is an asset.

- Waste Expert preferably with 8 years of relevant experience in waste management with strong knowledge of the end-of-waste criteria and its implementation in the EU.

- Waste Policy Expert preferably with 8 years of relevant experience and good knowledge of the legal framework of waste management in the EU (and preferably USA/or similar) including implementation of the relevant regulations.

- Local Waste Management Experts preferably with 8 years relevant expertise in the Turkish industrial waste management sector and waste legislation with the capacity to proactively interact with local stakeholders, including Ministry of the Environment and Urbanisation.

Submission Requirements: In order to determine the capability and experience of Consultants seeking to be selected for this Assignment, the information submitted should include the following:

- Company/group of firms’ profile, organisation and staffing (max. 2-4 pages);
- Details of previous project experience or similar assignments undertaken in the previous five years, including information on contract value, contracting entity/client, project location/country, duration (mm/yy to mm/yy), expert months provided (if different from duration) , main activities, objectives;

- CVs of key experts who could be available to work on the Assignment detailing qualifications, experience in similar assignments, particularly preferably undertaken in the previous ten years, including information on contracting entity/client, project location/country, duration (mm/yy to mm/yy), experts months provided, assignment budget, main activities, objectives;

- A brief outline methodology/workplan

- Completed Consultant Declaration Form and Contact Sheet, the template for which is available from the following web-link:


The above information should not exceed 20 pages excluding CVs and contact sheet. The complete expression of interest (including CVs and Contact Sheet) shall be one file (pdf or Word), not exceeding 4MB, to be uploaded to eSelection. The EBRD reserves the right to reject applications of firms submitting more than one file.

Expressions of Interest shall be submitted, in English, electronically through e-Selection, to reach the Bank not later than the closing date.

Bank Contact Person:
Yvonne Wilkinson
European Bank for Reconstruction and Development
One Exchange Square
London EC2A 2JN
Tel: + 44 20 7338 7123
e-mail: wilkinsy@ebrd.com

(submissions must be sent through eSelection and NOT to this email address)

Important Notes:
1. The selection will be made from responses to this notification, based on evaluation of Expressions of Interest in accordance with the criteria specified below. The highest-ranked Consultant will be selected from a shortlist and be invited to negotiate the contract, subject to availability of funding.

The Bank intends to mobilise the services as soon as possible following competitive selection process and CVs of the proposed experts will form basis for contract negotiations. The Bank reserves the right to terminate negotiations with the highest-ranked Consultant if experts proposed in the Expression of Interest are not available for this Assignment.

2. For evaluation purposes, the Consultants are required to provide a brief work-plan/methodology (circa 2 pages) as well as a financial proposal.

3. The evaluation criteria/weighting are as follows:

- Firm’s experience in implementing assignments with similar or relevant scope of work 30%
- CVs of Key Experts 40%
- Work-plan/methodology 20%
- Financial proposal 10% (a budget breakdown template is annexed to the TOR).