About the Independent Project Accountability Mechanism

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Mission and mandate

IPAM is the independent accountability mechanism of the EBRD.  IPAM reviews environmental, social and transparency-related issues raised by Project-affected people and civil society organisations about EBRD financed projects, which are believed to have caused harm. Our ultimate goal is to ensure that the Projects financed by the EBRD are implemented in line with the Bank's commitments to environmental and social sustainability.

The purpose of the mechanism is to:

  • Facilitate the resolution of disputes between Project-affected People, the Bank, and EBRD Clients

  • Determine whether the Bank has complied with its Environmental and Social Policy and Access to Information Policy

  • Share institutional learnings with Bank staff, where common challenges are identified, promoting continuous learning at EBRD

  • Engage with stakeholders across countries of operation, to ensure IPAM’s purpose, functions and activities are known and understood by all stakeholders.

IPAM’s work is guided by principles of independence and impartiality; transparency; predictability; equitability and accessibility.

Our governance and structure

IPAM operates independently of Bank management, reporting directly and only to the EBRD Board of Directors.  

IPAM Staff

Victoria Marquez-Mees: Victoria Marquez Mees is the Managing Director, Chief Accountability Officer, responsible for leading IPAM. Prior to joining the EBRD, Ms Márquez-Mees led the Inter-American Development Bank’s independent accountability mechanism for over 10 years and chaired the Independent Accountability Mechanisms Network of international financial institutions from 2017-19. Over the course of her career, Ms Márquez-Mees has held a range of positions in public and private institutions, focused on strategic planning, policy design and the implementation of social and philanthropic projects.

Sushma Kotagiri: Sushma Kotagiri is the Associate Director and deputy of IPAM. Sushma is a social specialist with extensive operational project experience, having anchored social safeguard policy compliance at the ADB from 2011 to 2020. She led social risk management, stakeholder engagement and quality assurance components of IFI investments, designing and implementing socially sustainable policies and projects in the transport, urban/municipal infrastructure, forestry and environment sectors. Sushma also brings experience in mediation and dispute resolution from her work with ADB’s independent accountability mechanism, negotiating solutions between communities, clients and governments, working across a range of EBRD countries of operation. Prior to working with the ADB, she worked with Oxfam GB and the private sector, mainstreaming social and gender dimensions into projects.

Vidhisha Samarasekara: Dr. Vidhisha Samarasekara is the Principal, Compliance Review Lead for IPAM. An ecologist by training, Vidhisha has 23 years of experience conducting environmental, social development and climate change risk assessments for a diverse portfolio of projects.  Vidhisha has worked with the ADB, IFAD and KPMG, undertaking project design, monitoring and implementation (including risk management and performance). Vidhisha has designed and led major environment, social development and climate finance initiatives with support from the Global Environment Facility (GEF), Climate Investment Fund (CIF), and DFID. Vidhisha's safeguarding work has seen her lead high-level negotiations relating to environment and social safeguarding.

Julia Radanova: Julia Radanova is the Principal, Mediation Lead for IPAM. Julia is a lawyer by training, with 10 years of experience in corporate, energy and EU law.  Julia has worked as an active mediator since 2011, specialising in advanced, cross-cultural mediation and negotiation.  Julia has led numerous national and international mediations focused on constructive, non-judicial dispute resolution.  Prior to joining the IPAM team, Julia served as a local mediation consultant for the Mechanism in EBRD’s South-eastern Europe region. 

Gina Llewelyn: Gina Llewelyn is the Senior Officer who supports the IPAM team in all administrative, logistical, and procurement functions.

Our partners - the Independent Accountability Mechanisms’ Network

All IFIs have externally focused, citizen-driven accountability mechanisms, referred to as Independent Accountability Mechanism (IAMs). Although their scope and mandates vary, they all receive submissions of concern from external stakeholders about the environmental and social performance of their institutions’ projects.

The IAMs Network brings together international practitioners in accountability, compliance, mediation and corporate governance. It provides a platform for cooperation and the exchange of expertise for accountability mechanisms worldwide.

IPAM is part of the IAMs Network. Participation in the Network allows for the exchange of best practices, the strengthening of relationships with civil society organisations and peer institutions, and collaboration on co-financed projects where corncerns are raised.

African Development Bank
Asian Development Bank (ADB) Accountability Mechanism (AM)
Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) Project-affected People’s Mechanism (PPM)
Black Sea Trade and Development Internal Audit Department
Caribbean Development Bank Project Complaints Mechanism
European Investment Bank (EIB)
Complaints Mechanism (CM) 
European Union (EU) European Ombudsman
French Development Agency (AFD) Environmental and Social Complaints Mechanism

German Development Bank (DEG) 

Netherlands Development Finance Company (FMO)


Independent Complaint Mechanism (DEG)

Independent Complaint Mechanism (FMO)

Independent Complaint Mechanism (Proparco)

Green Climate Fund Redress Mechanism (IRM)
Inter-American Development Bank Independent Consultation and Investigation Mechanism
International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) - World Bank Group Inspection Panel (IPN) 

International Finance Corporation and Multilateral (IFC) and Investment Guarantee Agency (MIGA) - World Bank Group

Compliance Advisor Ombudsman (CAO)
Japan Bank for International Cooperation (JBIC) Office of the Examiner for Objection Procedures on Environmental Guidelines
Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) Office of the Chief Compliance Officer
Nippon Export and Investment Insurance (NEXI) Office of Accountability (OA)
Nordic Investment Bank (NIB) Social and Environmental Compliance Review and Stakeholder Response Mechanism
United Nations Development Program (UNDP) Social and Environmental Compliance Review and Stakeholder Response Mechanism
United States International Development Finance Corporation (DFC) Office of Accountability


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