Closing the three units of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant not damaged in the 1986 accident and still operating afterwards, was an urgent priority for the international community in the 1990s.
Once the decision to close the units had been taken, their decommissioning became an important element of the international support efforts for Ukraine.
As with most nuclear plants in the former Soviet Union, there were serious shortcomings in the technical and financial provisions for the decommissioning process and an urgent need for investment in the site’s infrastructure.
Assistance initially focused on urgent safety and security upgrades of unit 3, which was the last operating reactor and shut down only in 2000. Later the main task became the safe decommissioning of all three reactor units at Chernobyl.
To date, the NSA has committed €280 million, provided by 18 donors, to decommissioning and safety projects in Chernobyl. In addition, the EBRD has provided €235 million to support the construction of the ISF-2.