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One of the two nuclear power plants in the Slovak Republic is located at Bohunice and has four Soviet-designed reactors of the VVER type. The safety concerns identified by the experts from the Western European Nuclear Regulatory Association apply to units 1 and 2 (collectively referred to as "V1").
During the EU accession dialogue with the European Commission, the Slovak government announced its decision to close Bohunice’s unit 1 in 2006 and unit 2 in 2008. To support the country in the decommissioning process, the Commission together with 8 European governments established the Bohunice International Decommissioning Support Fund (BIDSF) in 2001 at the EBRD.
On 16 November 2001 the EBRD entered into a Framework Agreement with the Republic of Slovakia, which provided legal basis for the BIDSF operations at Bohunice; the agreement was approved by the countries contributing to the Fund, the EBRD Board of Directors and the Slovak Parliament. More than €134 million has been committed in contributions from the European Community, Austria, Denmark, France, Ireland, the Netherlands, Spain, Switzerland and the United Kingdom.
The Bohunice IDSF finances and co-finances selected projects for two main purposes:
The BIDSF supports the early stages of decommissioning of units 1 and 2 of the Bohunice nuclear power plant. The Fund gives priority to projects which facilitate the start-up of pre-decommissioning activities in a safe and secure way. In order to achieve this goal, the projects concerned focus on the implementation of specific technical and administrative systems necessary to:
The first energy efficiency measures to be financed and co-financed from the BIDSF are directly related to the shut-down of units 1 and 2 of the Bohunice plant. Their ultimate goal is to help the energy industry deal with the challenges arising from the plant’s early closure. Therefore, the imminent measures focus on the provision of technical assistance which will help to:
Last updated 28 April 2010