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Focus areas

Poland implemented the body of European Union market regulation prior to its accession in 2004, and has subsequently benefited from integration into the EU internal market through substantial capital inflows and growing trade shares with the rest of the EU.

Strategic directions

As Poland is an advanced transition country, the Bank’s activities in the next Strategy period will be focused on a limited number of priorities, enabling it to provide support in those areas where transition challenges remain significant and where reforms can be deepened to improve energy efficiency, strengthen Poland’s competitiveness and expand its export potential. In the new Strategy period the Bank will focus its activities on the following cross-cutting challenges in Poland:

  • Promoting the low carbon economy. Coal still accounts for more than 80 per cent of Poland’s primary energy supply and the economy remains among the least energy efficient in the EU. Promoting low carbon solutions, energy efficiency and reduction of green-house gas (GHG) emissions will therefore remain a key strategic priority for the Bank’s operations over the coming years. The Bank will continue to support diversification of energy and fuel supplies (especially in renewable energy) and improving energy efficiency (both on the demand and supply side), together leading toward a more sustainable energy market in the country.
  • Enhancing the private sector’s role in the economy. The Polish state continues to play a significant role in the economy, notably in the power, chemical, natural resources, transport and municipal sectors. Accelerating the implementation of the structural reform agenda is crucial to consolidate transition and support the recovery that has slowed markedly. The Polish authorities have acknowledged the need to push ahead with greater market liberalisation. Moving Poland toward a more resilient economic model built on private investment and productivity increases will also require more innovation, providing risk capital and corporate restructuring (operational and financial), and will include supporting Polish companies in their regional expansion and cross-border investments.
  • Assisting in the development of a sustainable financial sector and capital markets. Although the banking system remained sound in the course of the crisis, a number of systemic vulnerabilities emerged, especially banks’ balance sheet mismatches, lack of sponsors liquidity support and the need for consolidation. In the current environment, high risk aversion by banks and deteriorating credit quality in the economy are leading to substantial financing constraints, in particular for small and medium sized companies and in the poorest regions. EBRD will assist in the development of a more sustainable financial sector by helping banks address crisis-inherited vulnerabilities and promoting the development of local currency capital markets in order to reduce the sector’s dependence on foreign financial inflows.

To achieve these strategic priorities the Bank will work closely with other IFIs, commercial banks and other stakeholders to ensure the best use of EBRD funds. The Bank’s approach will be selective, driven by market demand for projects where it can demonstrate both additionality and strong transition potential.

Last updated 20 December 2013


  • Poland factsheet

    Poland factsheet

    This document provides an overview of the EBRD's work in Poland.